February 14   circa 269 Valentine Martyr at Rome Saint.   Valentine’s Day – a Hallmark holiday 21stcentury.

 869 and 885 Cyril and Methodius, Missionaries to the Slavs,

1491 John Somerville, 3rd  Lord Somerville (married to Helen Hepburn). Heir, William, Master of Somerville, died sometime after 18 May 1491. Soon after Lord John died, and on 14 February 1492 Mariota Baillie, Lady Somerville, sued for 1000 marks to be given according to a marriage contract made for her deceased son William, Master of Somerville, to Jonet Douglas, daughter of William Douglas of Drumlanrig. (clans Somerville,

1530 sometime in. Pestilence. ‘Repent, repent ye, Hear the words of that God who made you, by the voice of pestilence.’  Jesus Christ in Doctrine and Covenants section 43.  Source and cause of pestilence were unknown, symptoms were mistaken for disease, cures were bleeding and always more bleeding, smoke, herbs, potions, amulets.

1570 John Knox preached at the funeral  of The Good Regent, James Stewart, 1st  Earl of Moray (c. 1531 – 22 January 1570),  a member of the House of Stewart,  the natural son of King James V, who was serving as Regent of Scotland for his nephew, the infant King James VI of Scotland, from 1567 until his assassination in 1570. Moray St. Anthony’s aisle at St. Giles, Edinburgh.

  Assassination of the ‘Good’ Regent Moray. A Victorian stained glass window in St. Giles Kirk, Edinburgh.  Moray’s daughter, Elizabeth Stuart, 2nd countess of Moray married James Stewart 2nd Lord Doune and 2nd Earl of Moray (in right of his wife) son of James Stewart 1st Lord Doune. 1st Lord Doune’s brothers were Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven (husband of Margaret Tudor Queen Dowager), and Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Ochiltree (one of 24 Lords of the Congregation) Know would later marry Ochiltree’s daughter, who became ancestress of John Witherspoon (President of Princeton and signer of the Declaration of Independence), and ancestor of Reese Witherspoon (Oscar winning actor).

1599 never happened in Scotland. Dating its years from the birth of Jesus Christ, so that ‘’ every nation, kindred, every ear shall hear, every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall confess, Jesus Christ is Lord,’’ thru computer software applications and aviation, the Christian calendar has been adopted world wide for the Musselmen of Islam, the Buddhist, Confucian, Hindu, nativist, Jew, agnostic,  or atheist (Isaiah 45:23, 1 Kings 19:18, Philippians 2:11, Romans 14:11, confirmed in modern times Mosiah 16:1, 27:31, Doctrine and Covenants 76:110, 88:104.)

An 1883 map of the world divided into colors representing “Christians, Buddhists, Hindoos, Mohammedans, Fetichists”.

1661 Monck’s Regiment of Foot still in tact, symbolically laid down their arms as part of the New Model Army and were immediately ordered to take them up again as a royal regiment of The Lord General’s Regiment of Foot Guards, a part of the Household Troops. Majesty’s Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards, also known officially as the Coldstream Guards. The regiment was the second senior regiment of Household Troops, in service of the Crown after the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards, but they answered to that by adopting the motto Nulli Secundus (Second to None), due to the fact that the regiment is older than the senior regiment. The Coldstream regiment always stands on the left of the line when on parade with rest of the Foot Guards, so standing “second to none”. When Monck died in 1670, the Earl of Craven took command of the regiment and adopted a new name, the Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards. The regiment saw active service in Flanders and in the Monmouth Rebellion, including the decisive Battle of Sedgemoor in 1685. After 1688 the Coldstream fought in the Battle of Walcourt in 1689, the Battle of Landen and the Siege of Namur. Three Guards companies of 307 men under Coldstream commander Colonel Matthew fought in the American War of Independence. The regiment received its current name, The Coldstream Guards, in 1855

1723 Anne Cochrane (b c1706, d 14.08.1724) married (14.02.1723) James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Brandon (born 05.01.1702-3, died 09.03.1742-3)

 Hamilton Motto: THROUGH.       Chief: Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton Crest: In a ducal cornet an oak tree fructed and penetrated transversely in the main stem by a frame saw Proper, the frame Or.

1751 did not occur in England, Ireland, British North America, and British colonies, as 1751 only had 282 days due to the Calendar Act of 1750. But 1751 did occur in Scotland, as 1751 had 365 days. On the ancient Roman calendar, mensis Februarius or Februarius (“February”) was the second and shortest month, from which the English name of the month derives.

1797 Cape St Vincent, Sir John Gervis with 15 ships attacked 27 Spanish fleet taking 4 ships as prizes. Tytler’s Britannica.

1779 British navigator Captain James Cook is killed by indigenous Hawaiians after a row over a stolen boat. Son of James Cook, a Scottish farm labourer from Ednam in Roxburghshire, and his locally born wife, Grace Pace, from Thornaby-on-Tees, North Yorkshire, England. During the Battle of Hastings (1066), one of William the Conqueror’s noblemen, Robert I de Brus, marched north with a garrison of men and occupied the area of Cleveland. William gave him those lands to control including Thornaby and Middlesbrough. Robert I de Brus, 1st  Lord of Annandale (c. 1070–1142) in turn Anglo-Norman baron and knight, the first of the Bruce dynasty to hold lands in Scotland, eventually to become the ancestor  of all Scottish Kings from 1300 and English from 1603.

 The routes of Captain James Cook’s voyages. The first voyage is shown in red, second voyage in green, and third voyage in blue.

1824 – Winfield Scott Hancock, born, American Civil War general (d. 1886) of Scots descent.

1830 Scots Roman Type, prepared in Glasgow Scotland, and shipped to a foundry in Albany New York, then delivered to the E. B. Grandin Printing company in Palmyra New York, according to the Crandall Gutenberg Printing Museum in Provo Utah. The Scots Roman type is the font used to print the first edition of the Book of Mormon. The contract with E. B. Grandin’s print shop to print the book was signed on Tuesday 25 Aug 1829, and the completed book was on sale by Friday 26 March 1830.  Typesetter John H. Gilbert selects type and inserts commas, periods, and other punctuation as Gilbert reads Oliver Cowdery’s hand written copy. One form signature of 16 pages, in quantities of 5,000 copies will be printed, 37 signatures, a form per 6 day, 11 hour per day week. Meridian Magazine (14 Apr 2005). http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/lds/meridian/2005/printing.html

28th        form of 16 pages printed. Somewhere in Third Nephi.

1848 William Carruth added, “After taking farewell with our aged parents, friends, home and country, by the command of the Lord, I and my wife started on the railway train from Paisley Station on Monday Feb. 14th  1848’ On to Utah. William Carruth added, “After taking farewell with our aged parents, friends, home and country, by the command of the Lord, I and my wife started on the railway train from Paisley Station on Monday Feb. 14th  1848. HISTORY SCOTLAND – MAGAZINE

1859 Oregon becomes a state. Scottish place names include (Wikipedia)-

Albany, Burns, Douglas County, Dundee, Glasgow

1869 – Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1959) invented the cloud chamber, to mark the path of invisible particles of radiation.  The particles are still invisible, but their path through the gas and mist is visible.

  Typical image obtained by Wilson in 1912. The general procedure was to allow water to evaporate in an enclosed container to the point of saturation and then lower the pressure, producing a super-saturated volume of air. Then the passage of a charged particle would condense the vapor into tiny droplets, producing a visible trail marking the particle’s path. An alpha particle left a broad, straight path of definite length while an electron produced a light path with bends due to collisions. Gamma rays did not produce a visible track since they produce very few ions in air. The Wilson cloud chamber led to the discovery of recoil electrons from x-ray and gamma ray collisions, the Compton-scattered electrons, and was used to discover the first intermediate mass particle, the muon. Wilson was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1927 for the development of the cloud chamber.


1912 Arizona becomes a state. Scottish place names include (Wikipedia)-

Arlington, Black Rock, Burnside, Cameron, Charleston, Clifton, Crown King, Douglas, Duncan, Elgin, Fort McDowell, Glendale, Hope, Kirkland, McGuireville, McMillianville. McNary, Saint Johns, Young.

 Great Seal Arizona. Ditat deus. Mining. YLS photo John Choate.

1950 Madeleine released.   Drama, murder who dunnit? 1857 March 23rd Pierre Emile L’Angelier,  was poisoned by ansenic in Glasgow, an apprentice nurseryman who originally came from the Channel Islands. Emile began an affair with Madeleine Hamilton Smith.  Madeleine was tried for the murder, which becomes the plot of Madeleine, the movie in 1950.

 Poster.  Trial, Victorian England.Scottish Pipe marchers. Caledonian Reel. Dancing. At trial, Smith was defended by noted advocate John Inglis, Lord Glencorse.[2] Toxilogical evidence, confirming that the victim had died of arsenic poisoning, was given by Andrew Douglas Maclagan.[3]

Although the circumstantial evidence pointed towards her guilt (Smith had made purchases of arsenic in the weeks leading up to L’Angelier’s death, and had a clear motive) the jury returned a verdict of “not proven“, i.e. the jury was unconvinced that Smith was innocent, but the prosecution had produced insufficient evidence to the contrary.

Crucial to the case was the chronology of certain letters from Smith to l’Angelier, and as the letters themselves were undated, the case hinged to some extent on the envelopes. One letter in particular depended on the correct interpretation of the date of the postmark which was unfortunately illegible, and attracted some caustic comments from the judge; but the vast majority of these postmarks were quite clearly struck. It transpired that when the police searched L’Angelier’s room, many of Smith’s letters were found without their envelopes and were then hurriedly collected and stuck into whichever envelopes came to hand. #7 Blythwoods Square, Glasgow. Wikipedia.

1957 Cary Grant misses Deborah Kerr (Kerr clan) at the Empire State Building New York City in the fictional film An Affair to Remember.  Glasgow born as Deborah Jane Trimmer, the Kerr  was from her second great grandmother.

1967 Susan Elain Choate (Nee Edwards) birthday. Married William Irvan Choate (clans Stewart, Douglas, Hunter, Meldrum, Cochrane, Montgomery).

1971 Decimal currency is launched in Britain, replacing the traditional ‘pounds, shillings and pence’ system.  BBC. Scottish banknotes are unusual, first because they are issued by retail banks, not central banks, and second, because they are technically not legal tender anywhere in the United Kingdom – not even in Scotland. They are classified as promissory notes, and the law requires that the issuing banks hold a sum of Bank of England banknotes or gold equivalent to the total value of notes issued.

 All Bank of Scotland notes bear a portrait of Sir Walter Scott on the front in commemoration of his 1826 Malachi Malagrowther campaign for Scottish banks to retain the right to issue their own notes.

1993 Meg Ryan’s fictional character goes to the Empire State Building New York City, in the fictional film Sleepless in Seattle, a remake of the fictional An Affair to Remember. Keeping the Valentine’s feast day, alive, as a sequel to An Affair to Remember, movie.  What is the Scots connection? The Empire State Building, from 1994 to 2002, had a motion simulator featuring Star Trek’s Scotty as an airplane pilot.

2012 USU student becoming quite a celebrity in the UK thanks to a Scottish comedian. Logan. What started out as a joke has made a Logan man famous in the United Kingdom. Now, he is being bombarded on social media by people from all over the U.K. and has been featured on a TV show on the BBC. Scottish comedian Kevin Bridges created the Chad Hogan character, thinking Hogan was purely fictional. Hogan was to be the ultimate American party organizer. Hogan emailed Bridges, inviting him to a real-life Hogan party, which was a bit different than what Bridges was expecting, probably due to the lack of alcohol.


2016 Donald John Trump, Sr. (clans MacQueen, Macaulay, MacLeod, of Aberdeenshire and Outer Hebrides), (born June 14, 1946). His mother was Mary Anne MacLeod, (born May 10, 1912,– died August 7, 2000), who was married in 1936. Mary Anne was born at Tong, Stornoway, on the Isle of Lewis, off th e coast of Scotland, United Kingdom.