December 16 – 1332 Battle of Annan Second War of Scottish Independence Annan, Dumfries and Galloway in Scotland. In it the Bruce loyalist supporters of King David II of Scotland surprised Edward Balliol and his supporters while they were in bed, and completely threw them out of Scotland. The Bruce loyalists were led by Sir Archibald Douglas, supported by John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray, the Steward, the future Robert II of Scotland, and Simon Fraser.

  • Brus or Bruce 1050 2Stewart 2Kennedy 2Montgomery 2Blair 2Cochrane 2Miller 2Simmons 2Choate zoe ToaG

1585 William Drummond, poet, born.


1653 Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland on December 16, 1653. (born 25 Apr 1599 clan Stewart, died 3 Sep 1658). Sir Walter Scott’s “Woodstock”, which is set in 1651 “There is no help for it,” he said; “it must be Cromwell or anarchy. And probably the sense that his title, as head of the Executive Government, is derived merely from popular consent, may check the too natural proneness of power to render itself arbitrary. If he govern by Parliaments, and with regard to the privileges of the subject, wherefore not Oliver as well as Charles?’’ Listed as Lady Diana Spencer’s (Mother of heirs Prince William and Henry) 1st cousin 11 times removed.


1682 Annie Laurie born, died 5 April 1764. Barjarg Tower, in Keir, near Auldgirth, Scotland. William Douglas became a soldier in the Royal Scots and fought in Germany and Spain. Romance and poem.

Maxwelton’s braes are bonnie, Where early fa’s the dew,

Twas there that Annie Laurie Gi’ed me her promise true.

Gi’ed me her promise true –

Which ne’er forgot will be, And for bonnie Annie Laurie

I’d lay me down and dee.

Her brow is like the snaw-drift, Her neck is like the swan,

Her face it is the fairest, That ‘er the sun shone on.

That ‘er the sun shone on –

And dark blue is her e’e, And for bonnie Annie Laurie

I’d lay me down and dee.

Like dew on gowans lying, Is the fa’ o’ her fairy feet,

And like winds, in simmer sighing, Her voice is low and sweet.

Her voice is low and sweet – And she’s a’ the world to me;

And for bonnie Annie Laurie I’d lay me down and dee.

  • In February 1890 Lady John Scott (1810–1900) [1] (née Alicia Ann Spottiswoode) wrote to the editor of the Dumfries Standard, claiming that she had composed the tune. In the 1850s Lady John published the song with some other songs of hers for the benefit of the widows and orphans of the soldiers killed in the Crimean War. The song became popular and was closely associated with Jenny Lind

Annie Laurie’s Kirk or Wee Kirk o’ the Heather, Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, Los Angeles, California, is a copy of Annie’s village church in Glencairn, Scotland. Over 60,000 people have actually been married here, including Ronald Reagan and Jane Wyman. Wikipedia.

  • Wee Kirk O’The Heather, Forest Lawn Memorial Park Reconstruction of Annie Laurie’s church,Glencairn, Scotland, Erected 1310, Destroyed 1805. Except the Lord Build the House They Labor in Vain who Build it. 1310-1329

1688 London. James II (of England, 7th of Scotland, Clans Stewart, Douglas, Drummond, BRuce), King, forcibly returned. James asked to retire to Rochester. Tytler’s Britannica.


1689 Bill of Rights “An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown”. Rules for freedom of speech in Parliament, the requirement to regular elections to Parliament and the right to petition the monarch without fear of retribution. It reestablished the liberty of Protestants to have arms for their defence within the rule of law, and condemned James II of England for “causing several good subjects being Protestants to be disarmed at the same time when papists were both armed and employed contrary to law”. The term Bill of Rights was preserved in describing the Amendments of the U.S. Constitution adopted in 1791. The English Convention (1689) was an irregular assembly of the Parliament of England which transferred the Crowns of England and Ireland from James II to William III. William III and Mary II



1773 Boston tea party. Was a resistance movement throughout colonial America against the Tea Act, which had been passed by the British Parliament on May 10, 1773. The Tea Act was responding to economic depression from London to Glasgow, to collect Townsend duties (taxes). The depression was due to the contraction of currency, because of the bankruptcy of the Douglas, Heron Bank (Ayr Bank) suspending its payments 25 June 1772 in Edinburgh, and Glasgow. As loans were called in, forced sales depressed prices. Losses were a million pounds sterling, with hundreds of partners being wiped out, initially, and many debtors going to debtors prison. Many families of Ayrshire were buried in the fall of Douglas, Heron & Co., and among these unhappily was the laird of Dalfram. “In an evil hour,” says Cunningham, “when the love of making ‘meikle mair’ came upon him, he purchased shares in what Burns called ‘that villainous bubble the Ayr bank,’ and was involved in its ruin.”

Parliament responded to the Tea Party, in 1774 with the Coercive Acts, which, among other provisions, closed Boston’s commerce until the British East India Company had been repaid for the destroyed tea. Colonists in turn responded to the Coercive Acts with additional acts of protest, and by convening the First Continental Congress, which petitioned the British monarch for repeal of the acts and coordinated colonial resistance to them.

Samuel Enderby Junior married Mary Goodwyn and had 8 children. Their daughter Elizabeth (1792–1873) married [she married Lt. Gordon who became) Major-General Henry William Gordon (1786–1865) (clan Gordon) and became the mother of 12 children one of whom became ‘Chinese Gordon’ or ‘Gordon of Khartoum’ born in 1833. The senior Samuel Enderby founded the Samuel Enderby & Sons company. In 1773 Enderby began the Southern Fishery, a whaling firm with ships registered in London and Boston. All of the captains and harpooners were American loyalists. The vessels transported finished goods to the American colonists, and brought whale oil back from New England to England. Some of Enderby’s ships were reportedly chartered for the tea cargoes that were ultimately dumped into Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Party incident. Thus the connection between the Boston Tea Party and the Scots.


1829 Scots Roman Type, prepared in Glasgow Scotland, and shipped to a foundry in Albany New York, then delivered to the E. B. Grandin Printing company in Palmyra New York, according to the Crandall Gutenberg Printing Museum in Provo Utah. The Scots Roman type is the font used to print the first edition of the Book of Mormon. The contract with E. B. Grandin’s print shop to print the book was signed on Tuesday 25 Aug 1829, and the completed book was on sale by Friday 26 March 1830. Typesetter John H. Gilbert selects type and inserts commas, periods, and other punctuation as Gilbert reads Oliver Cowdery’s hand written copy. One form signarture of 16 pages, in quantities of 5,000 copies will be printed, 37 signatures per 6 day, 11 hour per day week. Meridian Magazine (14 Apr 2005).

16th   form of 16 pages printed. Somewhere in Alma.

Palmyra Pageant circa 2013


1833 Joseph Smith the Prophet, at Kirtland, Ohio (clan Mack of Inverness, Malcolm King of Scots), Doctrine and Covenants 101. Therefore, it is not right that any man should be in abondage one to another.  And for this purpose have I established the [United States] Constitution of this land, by the hands of wise men whom I raised up unto this very purpose, and redeemed the land by the bshedding of blood. There was in a city a judge which feared not God, neither regarded man. And there was a widow in that city, and she came unto him, saying: Avenge me of mine adversary.  And he would not for a while, but afterward he said within himself: Though I fear not God, nor regard man, yet because this widow troubleth me I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me.


1858 Donald SMITH and Mary MACAULEY were married on 16 Dec 1858 in Garrabost on the Isle of Lewis.  Mary MACAULEY was born about 1841 in Barvas, Ross and Cromary, Scotland. Great grandparents of Donald John Trump.


1937 Bulldog Drummond’s Revenge. Released.

1944 Soldiers in snow (Bastogne & Battle of the Bulge)


The Battle of the Bulge, also known as the Battle of the Ardennes, was fought from December 16, 1944, to January 31, 1945. Germany’s last major attempt to stop the Allied advance across France and the Low Countries. German forces drove a wedge–the “bulge”–into the Allied lines through the Ardennes on the Franco-Belgian frontier. They were halted, chiefly by U.S. forces, and forced to retreat. Snowstorms contributed to heavy casualties on both sides. The 7th/9th Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) took up a defensive position at Gillrath, three miles north-west of Geilenkirchen and within the frontier of the Reich.

American military cemetery at Ardennes, Belgium…5,329 souls (40% with scots ancestry).


1994 Chasing the Deer filmed in Scotland including the site of the Battle of Culloden. 1745 Jacobite Rebellion, in which Bonnie Prince Charlie landed in Scotland, trying to claim the British throne.

Map with Battle of Culloden in the center. The route of the army went thru Perth, Donkeld, Athol, Blair of CastleMenzie, Garvimore, Fort Bardenoch, to Fort George. To the East was Dundee, (then south to North) the English camp, Inverary, Aberdeen, McLeods, Assemble of the English Army to pass the Spey, Spey River, Elgin, Cullen, Naim. To the West was Fort William, Fort Augustus, Lochaber, Standard first Raiseed, Secret of the Pass, Ross, Rout Inverness, Fort George/ To the North, Cromarty, Sutherland, Lord Loudan surpized, Rout of the Skround (?).


1959 Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959 film)

Professor Oliver Lindenbrook (James Mason), a newly knighted geologist from the University of Edinburgh, is given a piece of volcanic rock by his admiring student. When the group returns to Edinburgh, the four travelers are hailed as national heroes.


1983 U.S. Premiere opening of Mickey’s Christmas Carol.

On Christmas Eve 1843, while all of Victorian England is in the merry spirit of Christmas, Ebenezer Scrooge (Scrooge McDuck – clan McDuck) thinks only of the money he has made and of making more (apparently, he charges people 80% interest, compounded daily – not that much by today’s credit card charges). Scrooge’s cheery nephew Fred (Donald Duck) invites his crotchety uncle to a holiday feast fit for a Roman emperor — roast goose (!) with chestnut dressing, candied fruits, and cinnamon cake with lemon glaze.


2005 Lassie released. Described as adventure comedy drama. Based on the 1950 novel Lassie Come Home, and the 10 previous sequel Lassie movies, and the television series in the 1950s. Wikipedia plot. Sam Carraclough, a miner who struggles to earn enough money to feed his family, sells the family’s collie, Lassie, to the Duke of Rudling, leaving his young son heartbroken over the loss of his canine companion. The film follows Lassie on the collie’s 500-mile journey from the Duke of Rudling’s estate in the Scottish Highlands to the Carraclough home. Filming took place in Scotland, Ireland and on the Isle of Man.

UK poster Lassie, a new classic for a new generation.



December 17 –1566 James (later styled James 6th), son of Queen Mary (Stewart) and King Darnley (Lennox Stewarts), was baptised “Charles James” on 17 December 1566 in a Catholic ceremony held at Stirling Castle. His godparents were Charles IX of France (represented by John, Count of Brienne), Elizabeth Queen of England (1st cousin twice removed, represented by the Earl of Bedford), and Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy ( an Italian Court speaking Duchy, also a cousin, represented by ambassador Philibert du Croc). Mary refused to let the Archbishop of Saint Andrews, whom she referred to as “a pocky priest”, spit in the child’s mouth, as was then the custom. The English guests were offended by the subsequent entertainment, which was devised by Frenchman Bastian Pagez and depicted them as satyrs with tails. As the eldest son and heir apparent of the monarch, the baby automatically became Duke of Rothesay and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland.

Portrait of James as a boy, after Arnold Bronckorst, 1574. James descended from the Welsh Tudor Royal line from both parents, who were cousins. Italian renaissance was in full bloom, bringing the arts and literature to Scotland, including the violin, which would be adopted and brought to the Scots settlements in the Carolinas a century and a half to two centuries later. The Earl of Gowrie, Ruthven, another cousin, would study at the University of Padua from about 1595 to 1599, about the time of Galileo’s appointment.


1582 RUTHVEN, WILLIAM, 4th Lord Ruthven and 1st Earl of Gowrie (1541?–1584), Provost and Lieutenant of Perth, Lord High Treasurer, at a convention of certain of the lords with the ministers of Edinburgh, Gowrie earnestly desired that he might be allowed to set Arran at liberty, ‘so that the good action had no hurt thereby,’ but it was determined that he should be retained in confinement (Calderwood, iii. 693). All that Gowrie would, however, agree to was that he should be kept in confinement until it was certainly known that Lennox had left the country (Bowes, Correspondence, p. 222).


1588 In “Sir Francis Drake: A Pictorial Biography” by Hans P. Kraus, a view of the financing for this expedition is provided.  It shows funding provided by Queen Elizabeth (£16,000), Drake and other “adventurers” (£10,000 combined).  The document, which is dated December 17, 1588, was saved by diarist John Evelyn, and is available for online viewing at the Library of Congress Rare Books Reading Room


1596 Riot In Edinburgh. Scottish clergy, who possessed a strong influence over the minds of the people, and sometimes used it in interference with public affairs. Freedom of Speech claimed. The clergy asserted that they were not answerable to any civil court for what they might say in their sermons, but only to the spiritual courts, as they were called; that is, the Synods and General Assemblies of the Church, composed chiefly of clergymen like themselves, and who, therefore, were not likely to put a check upon the freedom of speech. Inflamed by the violence of some of the sermons which they heard, broke out into tumult, and besieged the door of the Tolbooth, where James VI was sitting in the administration of justice, and threatened to break it open. The King was saved by the intervention of the better disposed part of the inhabitants, who rose in arms for his protection. [TG33-189]   Attending the King in Tolbooth was John Lindsay of Balcarres, Lord Menmuir, Secretary of State, was attacked as a ‘plain mocker of religion’. Menmuir drew up the 55 points to be submitted to the general assembly which met at Perth on 28 February 1596 (2 months later). John was second son of David Lindsay, 9th Earl of Crawford, by his wife Catherine Campbell, daughter of Sir John Campbell of Lorn. John had a kidney stone(s) which killed him within 18 months.


1642 Declaration of Lex Talionis

1645 Siege of Hereford ended with the surrender of Royalist garrison.


1663 Andrew Millar 4th (our uncle) in Dailly on 17 December 1663. Andrew 4th compounded his offence by baptizing the child of a neighboring minister, and was fined 4,000 marks—-but he got the penalty reduced by half.

During the years when Andrew 4th was deprived, Nisbet indicates that Millar survived on the proceeds of sales of the lands that were his as the descendant of the eldest son in the family, and the Index to the Register of Deeds in the Register House at Edinburgh mentions him in a series of transactions between 1663 and 1669.

In 1669 and 1672, previous ousters of ministers were rescinded; in 1672 Andrew Millar 4th was once again given a charge, this time at Neilston, northeast of Paisley. YYMA 55. The Privy Council’s recommendation that named ministers ‘outed’ since the year 1661 be allowed to resume their functions was based on a review of the results of the prohibition of field and house conventicles and declaration that all who ‘preach, pray and exercise the other functions of ministers’ at such gatherings were rebels liable to be put to the horn, with their movable gear and goods escheated to His Majesty’s (Charles 2nd) use.

‘Considering the disorders which have latly bein by the frequent and numerous conventicles,’ they announced themselves ‘willing to remeid so great ane evill in the gentlest maner could be thought on.’

Not only Andrew Millar IV but his brother Robert Millar (1st) were restored under this decision.


1688 James II returned to London and he was effectively the prisoner of William III.


1707 – ‘The presbytrie being informed of the pietie Literature and qualificationes of Mr. Robert Miller [II] Student of Divinitie within their bounds; and having also taken a proof of his Literature, and seen his testimonials according to the acts of the General Assemblie and being satusfied therewith in so far: Thought fitt to enter him upon tryalls, and appointed him Isai 45/24 surely in the Lord have I righteousness & strenght. For a homilie to be Delivered the next ordinary Presby Day.


1745 Prince [Charles] and army enter Penrith, Cumberland. (TG80-236) The rear guard was six miles in the rear. The Glengarry regiment of Highlanders were at that time in charge of the rear-guard; and at Shap, Lord George found Colonel Roy Stewart, with another small regiment of 200 men.


1752 Robert Millar (of Glasgow and Paisley from 1709) died. Author of the History of the Propagation of Christianity and other works illustrative of the scriptures and the history of the church.’ (Vol. VII, Renfrew and Argyle). The other works included a major History of the Church under the auld Testament from the Creation of the World, published in Edinburgh in 1730 and reprinted in eight volumes at Paisley in 1789.


1783 London Parliament, House of Commons previously passed a bill regulating the East India Company. Rejected by the House of Lords. Fox’s ministry. Tytler’s Britannica 254.

The Houses of Parliament Sunset by Claude Monet, about a century after the East India bill.



1809 Bonaparte divorced the empress Josephine. Tytler’s Britannica 268.


1812 Konigsberg. French army in retreat from Russia arrives, having lost 400,000 men, 41 generals, 1298 officers, 167000 privates, all artillery, baggage, captured by the Russians. Tytlen’s Britannica, 270.


1830 Joseph Smith the Prophet, at Fayette, New York. (clans Huntley, Hamilton, Mackenzie, Mack of Inverness, Malcolm King of Scots), Doctrine and Covenants 36. Sometime in December. Crying repentance, saying: Save yourselves from this untoward generation, and come forth out of the fire


1870 Giusep pe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante (baptised 17 September 1795 – 17 December 1870) was an Italian composer of operas.

Saverio Mercadante in a portrait by Andrea Cefaly (Museo di San Martino, Naples). [Maria Stuarda, regina di Scozia, 1825]; Neidermeyer [Marie Stuart, Paris 1844]; Professor Alexander Weatherson in the 2009 Donizetti Society Newsletter wrote Scotland’s soil was a stream of operas of [Mary Stuart, Scotland might have been left in peace….In Italy alone in the earliest decades of the nineteenth century there was a Scotch broth of operas.


1935 The Ghost Goes West (1935) released. Historical comedy film opens with kilt and bagpipers forming for battle in 1746 against the English. Mudoch Glourie is exploded into limbo, as a coward, and doomed to haunt Glourie castle (castle from the 14th century, fireplace built 1558). Two centuries later a rich American buys the fictional Glourie Scottish castle, and dismantles it and moves it to Florida.   Murdoch’s ghost moves too.

Poster. Voted the best British movie of 1936. To get eternal rest, Murdoc must get the enemy clan MacClaggan to admit one Glourie is worth 50 MacClaggans.

Comment; King James 2nd was blown up by firing the Lion Cannon in 1460 during the siege of Roxburgh Castle, held by the English. When Roxburgh castle fell, the Dowager Queen (Marie of Guelders James’ wideo) ordered the castle dismantled. Centuries later, Castles from Europe have been dismanteled and moved to Beverly Hills, California.



1964 Culloden filmed in Scotland. Portrays the 1746 Battle of Culloden that resulted in the British Army’s destruction of the Jacobite uprising and, in the words of the narrator, “tore apart forever the clan system of the Scottish Highlands”.


2001 Andrew Lee Choate born. (clans Ogilvie, Ross, Ruthven, Semple, Seton, Sinclair, Stewart, Summerville)


2005 Scotland the Brave used as background theme music of Joseph Smith: The Prophet of the Restoration. Founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The movie is from the viewpoint of Lucy Mack Smith, mother of two apostles, grand mother and great grandmother of two more. Lucy descended from the Mack family of Inverness, Scotland. The first event is in 1813 when the bone in his left leg was seriously infected. Amputation was avoided by an experimental operation to remove the infected parts of the bone.   The surgeon, Dr. Nathan Smith had studied medicine and surgery in Edinburgh Scotland. “Praise to the Man” (originally titled “Joseph Smith“) is a poem written as a tribute to Joseph Smith by Latter Day Saint leader and hymn writer William W. Phelps. The poem was composed soon after Smith’s death, and was later set to music and adopted as a hymn of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). It was first published anonymously in the church newspaper Times and Seasons in August 1844, approximately one month after Smith was killed.[1] The hymn is still used within the LDS Church and is hymn number 27 in the current LDS Church hymnal.



2015 The European Union Referendum Act 2015 (c. 36) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to make provision for the holding of a referendum in the United Kingdom and Gibraltar no later than 31 December 2017 on whether the United Kingdom should remain a member of the European Union (EU) received royal assent. Brexit . Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, or Brexit (a portmanteau of “British” and “exit” or “Britain” and “exit’’


December 18 – 1388 sometime in December Robert Stewart, Earl of Fife later 1st Duke of Albany, receives from council the lieutenancy to Fife to 1393. (1st ducal Rank In Scotland, (ancestor of Andrew Stewart 2nd Lord Ochiltree). Albany is listed as ancestor of President Harrison (12 GGF), HM George 1st (9th GU) (clan Stewart), HRH Charles’ (18th GGF), PM Churchill (16th GGF – clan Montgomery) , PM Cameron (17th GGF clan Cameron).


1631 sometime in. Pestilence. In 1631 word came of plague in England. Glasgow issued a decree banning anyone from going to England “where the pest is”, and no-one coming from England was to be allowed into Glasgow without special permission from the burgh council. A fortnight later they came down heavily on a Glasgow merchant, Archibald Watson, for going to England on business and returning, not even keeping to his house on returning. His “freedom was cryit down”. It would be another 2 and a half centuries before the discovery of microbiology by Pasteur and the knowledge to begin controlling the pestilence.

‘Repent, repent ye, Hear the words of that God who made you, by the voice of pestilence.’ Jesus Christ in Doctrine and Covenants section 43.

John, eldest son (and therefore Lord and heir) of William 2nd Earl of Sutherland. John died of the pestilence at Lincoln in 1631. The portrait gallery of distinguished females by John Burke, p. 135.


1650 sometime in, After Oliver Cromwell’s success at Dunbar against the Scots in 1650, he came across some royalists occupying the auld buildings of Coldingham Priory, Berwickshire, Scotland. Cromwell used his canon to oust the royalists and left only two walls standing. These were two walls of the quire of Thomas’ church. Shortly after they were incorporated in a new structure. Quire [modern spelling choir]


1662 – James Douglas, 2nd   Duke of Queensberry born, Scottish politician (d. 1711) born. 262 years later 1924 June 24. Olympics, David Burghley was an athlete. Lord Burghley married firstly in 1929, Lady Mary Theresa Montagu Douglas Scott (4 March 1904 – 1 June 1984), fourth daughter of Sir John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch & 9th Duke of Queensberry and Lady Margaret Alice “Molly” Bridgeman’. 1923 – September 28 – John Scott, born, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, British politician Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott, Duke of Buccleuch and 11th Duke of Queensberry, KT Knight Order of the Thistle, VRD, Volunteer Reserve Decoration, JP, Justice of the Peace, DL Deputy Lieutenant, (28 September 1923 – 4 September 2007) was a Scottish Peer, politician and landowner.   James, 2nd Duke of Queensberry listed as PM Churchill’s 1st cousin 7 times removed ( The duke’s clans were Douglas, Gordon, Fleming, Kerr, Carnegie, Oliphant, Lennox Stewart, Traquhair Stewart.

1987 Scottish Hearaldry. The Most Ancient & Most Noble Order of the Thistle Tercentenary of the Revival.

Arms of the Secretary at Edinburgh.



1688 William II arrived in London. After having arrived, William exiled James II out of London.


1745 Lord George Murray marches with corps. (TG80-236) the village of Clifton, which is within three or four miles south of Penrith, and the heights beyond it, crowned with several parties of cavalry.

In former times, Highlanders had an aversion to encounter the Lowland horse; but since their success at Preston, they had learned to despise the troops of whom they formerly stood in awe. They had been instructed, chiefly by the standing orders of Lord George Murray, that if they encountered the cavalry manfully, striking with their swords at the heads and limbs of the horses, they might be sure to throw them into disorder The MacDonalds, therefore, of Glengarry, on receiving the word of command to attack those horsemen who appeared disposed to interrupt their passage, stript off their [TG80-237] plaids without hesitation, and rushed upon them sword in hand. The cavalry in question were not regulars, but volunteers of the country, who had assembled themselves for the purpose of harassing the rear of the Highland army, and giving time for the Duke of Cumberland [son of George 2nd], who was in full pursuit, to advance and overtake them. On the fierce attack of Glengarry’s men they immediately galloped off, but not before several prisoners were made; among the rest a footman of the Duke of Cumberland, who told his captors that his Royal Highness was coming up in their rear with 4000 horse. Sir Walter Scott Tales.

Lord George Murray despatched this Information to the Chevalier at Penrith, requesting some support, Ewen MacPherson of Cluny, with his clan, was sent back as far as Cliftonbridge, with the Appin regiment, under command of Stewart of Ardshiel. Chief Ewen, hesitated to join the prince, and his wife, a daughter of Jacobite Lord Lovat, dissuated Ewen from breaking his oath to government, assuring him that nothing could end well that began with perjury. In the moonlight skirmish at Clifton, Lord George Murray headed the Macphersons, with Cluny at his side. The Macpherson on the left came under first fire, and Cluny exclaimed ‘What the devil is this?’ Lord George said attack, cried ‘Claymore’ , Cluny did the same, the MacPhersons rushed, and fell sword inhand on the King’s troops, killing many and putting the rest to flight.


Fiction – The hero Tom Jones enlisted in the Duke of Cumberland’s regiment. [Prince William (William Augustus; 26 April 1721 [N.S.] – 31 October 1765)] The novel was by Henry Fielding, and published by Andrew Miller VI, (1705-1768) London by the Strand.

Tom agrees to cover the bill. He strikes up a conversation with the sergeant who tells him they are marching against the Roman Catholic rebels who had invaded England, expecting to be commanded by the glorious Duke of Cumberland. Tom, being “a hearty well-wisher to the glorious cause of liberty and of the Protestant religion”, agrees to join them as a volunteer.

The soldiers march off, and that evening Tom is introduced to the lieutenant, a man who is sixty years of age. ***Once at the inn, Sophia and Harriet share a bed as do the two maids, everyone being exhausted from their journey, and the landlord and his wife come to the conclusion that they are supporters of the rebel Charles Stuart, fleeing the Duke of Cumberland, and that Sophia is Jenny Cameron herself (the daughter of a highland supporter of Charles).


1780 Per Rampant Scotland, the Society of Antiquaries was formed on December 18, 1780.  From Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Volume 4, comes the following Sir Walter Scott related entry:  ‘…” Of the same class, also, is another slab figured here, the drawing of which was made by George Scott, the friend of Mungo Park, who accompanied him to Africa, aud died there. It was forwarded to the Society of Antiquaries by Sir Walter Scott in 1828, who described the original as a rough sandstone, about six feet long hy perhaps two and a half broad, which was raised by the plough at a place called Annan Street, upon the farm of Whitehope. The drawing is designated, probably by the original draftsman,—’A Druid stone found at Annan Street, figured with thr sun and moon.’ Little doubt can be entertained that it had formed the cover of a cist,’ On August 22nd and 23rd 1877, Wilford Woodruff, later reported that three knights, among others, Sir Walter Scott ‘called upon me, as an Apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, in the Temple at St. George, two consecutive nights, and demanded at my hands that I should go forth and attend to the ordinances of the House of God for them.’ A high honor indeed!


1782 Charleston South Carolina to St. Augustine Florida and Jamaica. Wikipedia. Backstory –Fraser’s Highlanders, or the 71st Regiment of Foot, raised in Glasgow in April 1776, and resupplied throughout the war of the American Revolution with thousands of Highlanders, fought in these Battles at Forts Washington and Less, Brandywine, Burgoyne, Briar Creek, Charleston, Stone Ferry, Wavannah, Charleston, Camden, Fishing Creek, Kings Mountain, Cowpens, Guilford Courthouse, and Yorktown.]

[Thoroughly decimated] The two new 71st Refiment of Foot companies remained in South Carolina until the final evacuation of Charleston on 18 December 1782. The officers of the Second 71st set sail for England in the 203-ton ship Moor, while the remaining men of the 71st Regiment, numbering only 189, were to sail on the 319-ton ship Sally bound for Jamaica.[3] Some of the ships leaving Charleston were bound for St. Augustine, Florida, and it appears likely that at least one member of the 71st was shipwrecked at that port, as archaeologists from the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program have discovered a pewter button from a 71st Regiment uniform on a shipwreck site that appears to date to the 1782 evacuation of Charleston.


1783 London.Parliament, House of Commons. Fox’s ministry dismissed. William Pitt new minister. Tytler’s Britannica 254.


1787 New Jersey Ratifies Constitution and becomes a state. Names with Scots locations include;

Aberdeen Township, Adams, Albion, Alexandria Township, Anderson, Annandale, Ardmore Estates, Armstrong,   Avon Park, Bishops Wood, Blackwood, Braeburn Heights, Bridgeton, Bridgewater, Brookfield, Campbells Corners, Carlton Hill, Chapel Hill, Charleston, Charleston East, Charlestown, Chester, Clifton, Clyde, Crossroads, Dunbarton, Dundee Canal, Dunellen, East Rutherford, Edinburg, Edinburg Park, Fairfield, Fenwick, Flemington, Galloway Township, Garfield, Georgetown, Gillespie, Glen Cove, Glen Ridge, Glen Rock, Glendale, Glenmoore, Glenside, Gordons Corner, Green Hill, Greenfield, Grenloch, Hamilton, Hamilton Park, Hamilton Township (two places), Harris Harbor, Hibernia(n), Highland Park, Highlands, Hillside, Hope, Iona, Kanouse Mountain, Kennedys, Kerrs Corners, Kingston, Kirkwood, Lake Rutherford, Lewis Point, Linwood, Livingston, Loch Arbour, Lockwood, Low Moor, Lyons, MacArthur Manor, Mansfield, Martins, McAfee, McCrea Mills, McDonald, McKee City, McPherson, Melrose, Milltown, Milton, Monroe, Mount, Mount Vernon, Muirhead, New Albany, New Bridge, New Gretna, New Market, Newark, Newfield, Newport, Newstead, Newton, Newtown, Northfield, Oakwood Park, Ormond, Paisley, Perth Amboy (only half Scottish;[3] the other half was originally the Lenape word “Ompoge”, which meant “elbow”, “point”, or “bowl”[4]), Pipers Corner, Port Murray, Port Warren, Raven Rock, Red Hill, Red Lion, Riverside, Ross Corner, Roxburg, Rutherford, Scotch Bonnet, Scotch Plains, Scotland Run, Scotts Corners, Scotts Mountain, Silverton, Southtown, Springfield, Springside, Stanhope, Sterling Hill, Stirling, Stone House, Strathmore, Tennent, Union Grove, Wallace Mill, Westfield, Weston, Westwood, Whitehall, Whitehouse, Wick House, Woodside Station

The great Seal of the State of New Jersey MDCCLXXVI


1812 Bonaparte arrives in Paris., to conscript 350,000 men for a new army Tytler’s Britannica 270.



  1. Liverpool, England and the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Samuel Mulliner (b. 1809), and Alexander Wright (b. 1804), Scots, arrive as missionaries. Upon arrival at Liverpool, they counseled with Elders Joseph Fielding and Willard Richards, and, on 18 December 1839, left for Scotland. Winter gales rocked the ship all the way to Glasgow. Alexander stood on deck, fighting what he thought was a bad cold, rather than suffering seasickness and the odor below decks.

Pioneer Missionaries in Scotland. [Ensign Feb. 1987] ‘Near the rockstrewn northern coast of Scotland, sometime in the winter of 1837–38, an elderly couple named Wright received a strange package from America.

The Wright children had dispersed long before—several sons farmed the Banffshire heath, one daughter kept house for a clergyman in town—but none had drifted as far as Alexander. Three years earlier, he had emigrated to Canada, and the old couple entertained no illusions about seeing him again. So the Wrights must have opened Alexander’s package with tenderness and anticipation.

In his letter he introduced his parents to his new religion, to his newfound testimony of a prophet called to restore the true Church of Jesus Christ, and to a pamphlet by Parley P. Pratt, A Voice of Warning. Together they read the little book, cherished it, and circulated it quietly among their children for years afterward.’

In Scotland, Mulliner began his missionary service in the area of Glasgow and continued his labors in neighboring regions, including the town of Paisley.


1942 Operation Frankton, Survivors contact the French resistance at the Hotel de la Toque Blanche and were then taken to a local farm. They spent the next 18 days there in hiding. They were then guided across the Pyrenees into Spain. Royal Navy submarine HMS Tuna (N94) left from Holy Loch in Scotland. The December 1942 successful raid by canoe-borne British commandos on shipping in Bay of Biscay port of Bordeaux Harbour.


1954 Raymond Allen Ray Liotta, (born December 18, 1954) is an American actor, portrayal of Henry Hill in the crime-drama Goodfellas. Scots descent.


1969 Anne of the Thousand Days released. 1969 made by Hal Wallis Productions and distributed by Universal Pictures. It was directed by Charles Jarrott and produced by Hal B. Wallis. The film tells the story of Anne Boleyn and Herny 8th . Wikipedia. Henry’s Sister Margaret is Queen Dowager of Scots, and Anne’ daughter Elizabeth, sends her navy in 1560 to win Scotland to the Protestant Reformation.

Poster. The film covers 1536 when Henry 8th (Richard Burton) age 45, signs the execution of his 2nd wife, Anne Boleyn: flash back to 1527 when Henry was age 36. Henry’s wife, Catherine of Aragon (Irene Papas) age 42, is worn out (with a dozen pregnancies). Henry is in an affair, first with Mary Boleyn, age 28, a daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard, and soon Boleyn’s second daughter Anne (Geneviève Bujold), age 26, who has just returned from her education in France. Anne is engaged to the son of the Earl of Northumberland. Henry is enraptured with Anne’s beauty and orders his Lord Chancellor, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, to break up the engagement. Desperate to have a male heir, Henry seeks marrying Anne in Catherine’s place. Anne agrees. Wolsey begs the King to abandon the idea because of the political consequences of divorcing Catherine. Henry persists. The Pope refused. Anne points out this failing to an enraged Henry. Wolsey is dismissed from office and his magnificent palace in London is given as a present to Anne, and all Wolsey’s properties, including Hampton Hall, are taken to the crown. In this splendour, Anne loves Henry. When Anne is pregnant, She and Henry are secretly married. Anne is given a splendid coronation, as “the king’s whore”. Anne’s daughter is the Princess Elizabeth (7 September 1533). Henry hoped for a boy. During a row over Sir Thomas More’s opposition to Anne’s queenship, Anne presses More’s death, in spite of his being a friend of Henry. More dies, but after an Anne miscarriage(s), by 1536, Henry’s attention is to Lady Jane Seymour, age 28, one of Anne’s maids. Henry demands his new minister, Thomas (1st Baron of) Cromwell, (ancestor of Oliver, the Lord Protector) to find a way to get rid of Anne. Cromwell tortures a servant in Anne’s household into confessing to adultery with the Queen. Anne’s uncle Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk arrests Anne. Wikipedia.

Thomas Cromwell was PM Churchill’s 13th Great Uncle, Lady Diana Spencer 14 GGFather, PM Cameron’s 15th GGFather, (


1971 Robert Tyre “Bobby” Jones Jr. died.(March 17, 1902 – December 18, 1971) was an American amateur golfer,

1981 sep 22. In 1930 he won the Grand Slam of Golf: the U.S. Open, the U.S. Amateur, the British Amateur, and the British Open. He won 13 of 27 major tournaments. Jones helped establish the Augusta National Golf Club. In 1934 he founded the prestigious Masters tournament at Augusta. He quit tournament play at the age of 28. In 1958 he became the first American since Benjamin Franklin to be honored with the freedom of the burgh of St. Andrews, Scotland, site of the world’s most famous golf course.

1994, Golf Course commemoratives. The auld Course, St Andrews.


1982 Miranda Masayon-Cocking born. Descends from Robert Stewart, Earl of Fife later 1st Duke of Albany above.


December 19 – 1363 sometime in December William, 5th Earl of Sutherland and his eldest son (Robert later 6th Earl of Sutherland) went to England in 1357 as hostages for the payment of the King’s ransom of 100,000 merks, and were lodged by the Chancellor, William Edington, Bishop of Winchester. During the next ten years the Earl was often allowed to return to Scotland and in Dec. 1363 had permission for himself and his wife to go on pilgrimage to Canterbury.

Sutherland Motto: SANS PEUR.
[“Without fear”]. Badge: cotton sedge Chief: Elizabeth Millicent Sutherland, 24th Countess of Sutherland Crest: A cat-a-mountain sejant rampant Proper.

William 5th Earl of Sutherland lists descendants HM George 1 (9 GGF), President Benjamin Harrison (12th GGF), PM Churchill (16th GGF), Lady Diana Spencer (17th GGF), PM Cameron (18th GGF), HRH Albert II (18 GGF), Louis XVII (13th GGF)


1538 Lord Forbes; One of 24 Lords of the Congregation. William Forbes, 7th Lord Forbes married Elizabeth Keith, daughter of Sir Gilbert Keith, on 19 December 1538. William Forbes, 7th Lord Forbes was the son of John Forbes, 6th Lord Forbes and Christian Lundin. He held the office of Gentleman of the Bedchamber in 1539. He succeeded to the title of 7th Lord Forbes [S., 1445] in 1547. He had two other sons, both died young.

Children of William Forbes, 7th Lord Forbes and Elizabeth Keith, Anne Forbes,Jean Forbes d. a 1606, Margaret Forbes, Abraham Forbes of Blacktown, Christian Forbes, Isabel Forbes. Catherine Forbes, Barbara Forbes, John Forbes, 8th Lord Forbes b. 3 Jul 1542, d. 29 Jun 1606, William Forbes of Fodderbirse b. 2 Mar 1543, Elizabeth Forbes b. 10 Nov 1545, d. a Sep 1607, Arthur Forbes of Logie b. 3 Apr 1550, d. 1574, James Forbes of Lethenty b. 16 Jul 1551, Robert Forbes b. 1 Jan 1555

Citations G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 71. volume XI, page 740.Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1451, 1285.

Map with lands of clan Forbes North of the River Dee on the edge of the Highlands.



1546 Robert Boyd was present at the meeting of the Privy Council at St. Andrews on 19 December 1546. Notwithstanding the agreement of 1530, the feud with the Montgomeries still continued, and Sir Neil Montgomerie of Lainshaw was slain by Lord Boyd and his adherents in a skirmish in the streets of Irvine in 1547.

Irvine is on the coast of the Firth of Clyde in Ayrshire due west of Kilmarnock. The murders were warmly resented, and the feud raged until 1560–61, when, in the time of his son the 5th Lord Boyd, peace was restored between the parties by a mutual compromise. Robert, 4th Lord Boyd, died between 29 July 1557, when his son is styled Master of Boyd, and 10 May 1558, when the son was “now Lord Boyd”.

Family – Robert Boyd married Helen, daughter of Sir John Somerville of Oambusnethan, before 1518. She was living on 13 August 1536. He married, secondly, before December 1542, Elizabeth Napier, widow of Humphrey Colquhoun of Luss,

  • Colquhoun of Luss 1329 2Murray2Drummond 2Hamilton2Stewart 2Miller2Simmons 2Choate zoe

and thirdly, before February 1549, Marion, daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of Luss. She survived him, and was married, secondly, to Captain Thomas Crawfurd of Jordanhill He had two children: Robert, 5th Lord Boyd (c. 1517–1590)

Margaret Boyd, who married John Montgomerie of Lainshaw and was widowed before 10 February 1560–61.

Notes Footnotes ^ Balfour 1904, p. 155 Notes that Considerable confusion exists as to the numbering of the Lords Boyd. In the Complete Peerage Balfour’s Robert, 5th Lord Boyd is considered the 3rd Lord, though in the Dictionary National Bibliography (Rigg 1886, pp. 96,97), as in Douglas, “he is, for some cause, called the fourth Lord, though, if the attainder is not reckoned (whereby three persons, viz. (1) the Earl of Arran (living 1472); (2) James Boyd (died 1484), son and heir of the Earl of Arran; and (3) Alexander Boyd (living 1505), uncle and heir of the said James, were excluded from the succession), he would apparently have been sixth Lord”, (Douglas see p. 399, note 6). Balfour states that it is now known that the Earl of Arran died decessitvita patris (v.p. During the life of the father), and that James was restored as Lord Boyd in 1482, therefore this Robert was apparently de facto fourth Lord. Cokayne writing a decade after agreed with Balfour’s numbering (Cokayne 1912, p. 160), as does Hewitt the author of the 21st century article “Boyd, Robert, 5th Lord Boyd (c.1517–1590)” in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Hewitt 2004).


“According to Crawfurd [in his Peerage] [Robert Boyd] was restored to the title of Lord Boyd 1536, and had a grant from King James V., whom [Boyd] faithfully served at home and abroad, of the lordships of Kilmarnock 20 May 1536, but this would appear incorrect”.(Balfour 1904, pp. 152,153)

Balfour 1904 p. 154 cites Herries’ Hist, of Queen Mary, Abbotsford Club, 10.

The Study, Abbotsford. The Spell of Scotland by Keith Clark, 1916 to the Lord Marischall, Boston The Page Company. P.45.


The writer in the Dictionary of National Biography assumes it was his son, something that the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography corrected.

References  Rigg, James McMullen (1886). “Boyd, Robert (d.1590)”. In Leslie Stephen. Dictionary of National Biography. 6. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 96,97.

Hewitt, G. R. (2004). “Boyd, Robert, 5th Lord Boyd (c.1517–1590)”. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.

Boyd Lord Kilmarnock Ayr 1020 2 Douglas2 Ruthven2 Kinchin2 Jared2 Simmons2 Choate2 zoe ToaG


1645 sometime in, Alexander Jardine, in 1645, created a Baronet of Nova Scotia. Son of Sir Alexander Jardine through marriage to Lady Margaret Douglas, sister of the William first Duke of Queensberry, Clan Douglas (1637-1695).

Jardine Crest: A spur rowel of six points Proper. Motto: CAVE ADSUM. 
[“Beware i am present”]. Chief: Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, 12th Bt.

Baronet Jardine descendants are PM Churchill (6th GF), HRH Albert II (8th GGF).



  1. Rochester. James 2nd King of England, 7th King of Scots and England, resumes flight. Tytler’s Britannica.


1745 Night. Skirmish at Clifton. Lord George Murray perceived, by a glimpse of moonshine, this large body of men coming from the moor, and advancing towards the Clifton enclosures.

The MacPherson and Stewart regiments, which were under Lord George’s immediate command, were stationed behind a hedge; but Lord George, observing a second hedge in front, protected by a [TG80-239] deep ditch, ordered his men to advance and gain possession of it. It was already lined on the opposite side by the enemy, who, as was then the custom of dragoons, acted as infantry when occasion required. Lord George asked Cluny his opinion of what was to be done: ” I will attack the enemy sword in hand,” replied the undaunted chief, ” provided ye order me.” As they advanced, the MacPhersons, who were nearest to the hedge of which they wished to take possession, received a fire from the soldiers who had lined it on the opposite side.

Map showing clan MacPherson’s lands in the highlands east of the Loch Ness, with neighbors.

Cluny, surprised at receiving a discharge of musketry, when he conceived he was marching against a body of horse, exclaimed, ” What the devil is this! ” Lord George Murray replied, ” There is no time to be lost-we must instantly charge.” and at the same time drawing his broadsword, exclaimed, ” Claymore!” which was the word for attacking sword in hand. The MacPhersons rushed on, headed by their chief, with uncontrollable fury; they gave their fire, and then burst, sword in hand, through the hedge, and attacked the dragoons by whom it was lined. Lord George himself headed the assault, and in dashing through the hedge lost his bonnet and wig (the last of which was then universally worn), and fought bare-headed, the foremost in the skirmish. Colonel Honeywood, who commanded the dragoons, was left severely wounded on the spot, and his sword, of considerable value, fell into the hands of the chief of the MacPhersons. The dragoons on the right were compelled, with considerable loss, to [TG80-240] retreat to their party on the moor. At the same moment, or nearly so, another body of dismounted dragoons pressed forward upon the high-road, and were repulsed by the Glengarry regiment, and that of John Roy Stewart. The Highlanders were with difficulty recalled from the pursuit, exclaiming, that it was a shame to see so many of the king’s enemies standing fast upon the moor without attacking them. A very few of the MacPhersons, not exceeding twelve, who ventured too far, were either killed or taken. But the loss of the English was much more considerable, nor did they feel disposed to renew the attack upon the rear of the Highlanders.


1813 – James McGill, died, Scottish-born Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744). Military commander and philanthropist known for being the founder of McGill University. He was also a prominent member of the Château Clique.


1822 Anna Maria Plowden died (d 19.12.1822, daughter of Francis Plowden) wife of (04.1819) Archibald Cochrane, 9th Earl of Dundonald (b 01.01.1748, d 01.07.1831)


1893 Brigadier General Paul McDonald Robinett (1893-1975) born Mountain Grove Missouri. [Clan Rainbolt]. Commissioned a 2nd lieutenant in the 1st Cavalry. graduated from the Cavalry School Troop Commander’s course at Fort Riley, Kansas in 1922, and taught Machine Gunnery and animal transportation there 1922;–1923. He was an accomplished horseman, a member of the U.S. Army equestrian team, and competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. He was a special student at the University of Paris in 1925, attended the French cavalry school at Saumur, and observed French maneuvers near Strasbourg. He was General Malin Craig’s aide-de-camp 1927–1932, serving in Panama Canal Zone and San Francisco. Captain Paul McD. Robinett, Cavalry, completed the Command and General Staff School’s two year course and graduated June 15, 1934.[7] He attended the U.S. Army War College. He served in the War Department’s General Staff 1937–1941.[1][3][5] He was Assistant Chief of Staff for intelligence under both Lesley J. McNair (from June 26, 1941) and George C. Marshall.[3][5][8] President F. D. Roosevelt nominated him for promotion to Colonel on November 20, 1942.[9]


1904 to 2000s something. Rhode Scholars are announced around the week before Christmas, including December 19th. Names of Scot’s clans include –

1990-Brown, Christopher Leslie (Yale, Football)

1904-Brown, Jullius Arthur (Dartmouth, Football)

1975-Brown, Kenneth Charles (Cornell, Rowing)

1991-Brown, Stephen Phillip (Dartmouth, Rowing)

1948-Douglas, John Woolman (Princeton, Football)

1977-Grant, Robert Gourlay (Harvard, Soccer)

1984-MacLeod, John Malcolm (Harvard, Skiing)

1975-McCaffery, Michael Gerard (Princeton, Swimming)

1968-McCallum, Jr., Robert Davis (Yale, Basketball)

1965-McClung, Merle Steven (Harvard, Basketball)

2012-McCoy, Dakota E. (Yale, Track)

1976-McGuire, James Joseph (Yale, Basketball)

1907-McLane, John Roy (Dartmouth, Baseball, Football, Tennis)

1948-McLane, Malcolm (Dartmouth, Skiing)

1950-McQuade, Lawrence Carroll (Yale, Football)

2005-Miller, Jeff (Princeton, Basketball)

1957-Stewart, Michael MacCracken (Princeton, Football)



2010 (Clan Grant) Robert FosterBobBennett interviewed. (born September 18, 1933), United States Senator (Republican, Utah (1993-2011). Son of Frances Marion (née Grant) and the U.S. Senator Wallace Foster Bennett, grandson of Heber J. Grant, the 7th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and a GGS of Jedadiah M. Grant and Daniel H. Wells mayors of Salt Lake City and counselors in the First Presidency of the Church.

  • Bennett descends from Malcolm III Ceanmor King of Scots. 2 Matilda Atheling 2 Maud 2 Henry 2nd King England 2 John Lackland King 2 Joan 2 Mangred Llywelyn 2 Maud de Clifford 2 Eleanor Giffard 2 John le Strange to Matilda 2 Griffith to Margaret Warren 2 Anne Mainwaring 2 Anne Charlton 2 Elizabeth Grosvenor 2 Edward Bulkeley 2 Olive Welby 2 Olive Farwell 2 Mary Spaulding 2 David Morgan 2 Isaac 2 Mary 2 Joshua Grant 2 Heber J. Grant.

Leaving Washington: After 18 years in office, Bob Bennett looks to the future.   Deseret News, Published: Sunday, December 19, 2010 Amy Choate-Nielsen reporter.


December 20 – 1192 Richard the Lion Heart is captured and imprisoned by Leopold V (Duke von Babenberg) of Austria on Richard’s way home to England after signing a treaty with Saladin ending the Third crusade. While Richard’s father Henry 2nd visited Henry’s lands from Scotland to France, Richard probably stayed in England. William I of Scotland and Hugh Bigod were captured by Henry on 13 July and 25 July respectively 1173, from which Henry extracted a surrender and control of Scotland to England. After Henry died, by 1189 King Richard released Scotland and King William I of Scotland from William’s oath of subservience to (Henry and his heir) Richard in exchange for 10,000 marks. 650 years later Richard appears in connection with Robin Hood in Sir Walter Scott’s novel Ivanhoe.

Statue of Richard I by Carlo Marochetti outside the Palace of Westminster

Leopold V von BABENBERG (Duke) of Austria became 13GGF of HM George 1 (clan Stewart), 21GGF of US President James Monroe (clan Munro), 22GGF of PM Winston Churchill (clan Montgomery), 23GGF of Lady Diana Frances Spencer (Princes of Wales, clans Hamilton, Douglas, Gordon, Maxwell, Blair, Leslie, Lyon, Keith, Hay, Home, McCulloch, Montgomerie, Cochrane, Kennedy, ).


This sign hangs above the village war memorial (below), and says

‘Harthill in the Doomsday book of the Fee of Conisbro. First church built by William de Warrene son in law of the Conqueror 1078 AD restored 1310 AD.
This street is part of ‘Harthill walk’ in Scott’s Ivanhoe. Church contains tombs of Earl Danby, Duke of Leeds and some of his descendants.
Old map of village dated 1745 shows holders of every house and field very full of auld registers. Unique history in village school.
This sign of oak was erected by the Kiveton Park Rural District Council to commemorate the coronation of their majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth May 12th 1937.’

( William I de Warenne also known as Guillaume de Varennes, fought at Hastings with William the Conqueror, 1st Earl of Surrey, Justiciar of England, 13th Wealthiest Person ever (?) 1036-1088, wounded at Siege of Pevens Castle. Ancestor 16GGF of George 1st, 18 GGF of President George Washington, 22nd GGF of PM Churchill, 23rd GGF Pierport Hamilton, 28th GGF of Gretchen Choate (nee Luther).



1316 Robert de Lawedre, knight, was one of the witnesses to two charters of confirmation to Jedburgh Abbey on the 20th December 1316, signed at Berwick-upon-Tweed. A church was built at Lauderdale, and by 1482, the royal favourite, Robert Cochrane was captured and hung by chiefs including Archibald Douglas, Earl Angus, ‘bell the cat’.

Map with Berwick on the Tweed river, facing the North Sea.

Jedburgh is now in Roxburgh in the auld middle March.


1560 The first General Assembly of the Church of Scotland was held on December 20, 1560.  The assembly was treasonable and unlawful at the time according to the throne, but not among the nobility. The law was changed, by changing the throne.

In 1559 John Knox returned from ministering in Geneva to lead the Reformation in Scotland


1645 sometime in December. Pestilence. Glasgow council minutes rejoice in the statement “it hath pleased God to visit the south countrie with the plague of pestilence.” Paisley that got the brunt of the plague. The baillies of Glasgow in December 1645 voted to send 20 bolls of meal (grain) and some cash to help the people of Paisley, who were short of food. Plague! By Gordon.

‘Repent, repent ye, Hear the words of that God who made you, by the voice of pestilence.’ Jesus Christ in Doctrine and Covenants section 43.



1681 9th Earl of Argyle Archibald Campbell (1629–1685) escapes from prison of Castle of Edinburgh, for test oath, of a complex and puzzling nature, and so far inconsistent with itself, that while, on the one hand, the person who took it was to profess his full belief and compliance with the Confession of Faith adopted by the Scottish Church in the first Parliament of King James VI, he was in the next clause made to acknowledge the King as supreme head of the Church ; a proposition entirely inconsistent with that very Confession which he had just recognised. (TG52-260). Sir Walter Scott.

Campbell Earl of Argyll 1010 2Montgomery2Blair 2Cochrane2Miller 2Simmons2Choate to zoe TOAG

The Earl of Argyll. In 1650 Argyll married Lady Mary Stewart, daughter of the 4th Earl of Moray, with whom he had seven children: Archibald (who succeeded him as 10th Earl of Argyll), Charles, James, John, Mary, Anne and Jean. Argyll married again, in 1670, the widow Anne, Countess Lindsay of Balcarres.

Argyll had been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in Oct 1663.

( Archibald was 9th GGF of Lady Diana Spencer (and thus 10th GGF of William Duke of Cambridge, 11th GGF of Prince George).

(clans Douglas, Graham, Gordon, Leslie, Keith, Lyon, Home, Ker, Erskine.)


  1. Rochester. Glorious Revolution. James II, King, resumes flight, last night in Rochester. Tytler’s Britannica 215


1694 Mary Cochrane born (b 20.12.1694, d unmarried) Ochiltree, Ayrshire.


1745 The Scottish army left Carlisle upon the 20th of December, and effected their retreat into Scotland by crossing the Esk at Langtoun; the river was swollen, but the men, wading in, arm in arm, supported each other against the force of the current, and got safely through. [TG80-242].


  1. Charles’ birthday [Bonnie Prince Charley]. Tytler’s Britannica 236.

Map showing ‘The Pr[ince] going to Scotland,’ and ‘The Pr[ince] going to France.’ Sailing between the Hebrides (the islands at the end of the winged dragons tongue) and Ireland (to the south, north of the Mull, landing at Lochaber, and Boradrl.


1752 Robert Millar (of Glasgow and Paisley from 1709) The Paisley presbytery register for 20 December 1752 notes Millar’s death three days before and orders it to be announced in the Abbey Church and a vacancy declared in the parish. YYMA 72. Paisley or Paisley pattern is a droplet-shaped vegetable motif of Indian or Persian origin. Its western name derives from the town of Paisley Scotland. In the 19th Century European production of paisley increased, particularly in the Scottish town from which the pattern takes its modern name. Soldiers returning from the colonies brought home cashmere wool shawls from India, and the East India Company imported more. The design was copied from the costly silk and wool Kashmir shawls and adapted first for use on handlooms, and, after 1820, on Jacquard looms. From roughly 1800 to 1850, the weavers of the town of Paisley in Renfrewshire, Scotland, became the foremost producers of these shawls. Unique additions to their handlooms and Jacquard looms permitted them to work in five colors when most weavers were producing paisley using only two. The design became known as the Paisley pattern. By 1860, Paisley could produce shawls with fifteen colors, which was still only a quarter of the colors in the multi-color paisleys then still being imported from Kashmir. In addition to the loom-woven fabric, Paisley became a major site for the manufacture of printed cotton and wool in the 19th Century, according to the Scotland’s Paisley Museum and Art Gallery. Paisley was particularly popular during the Summer of Love, heavily identified with psychedelic style and the interest in Indian spirituality and culture brought about by the pilgrimage of The Beatles to India in 1968. John Lennon had a Rolls Royce painted with the design in 1967

100% cotton fabric. Marie Craig (nee Osmond) Quilting Treasures. Paisley print fabric.


1803 France turned New Orleans over on December 20, 1803 at The Cabildo. The Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed by Robert Livingston, Robert Livingston and Mark Choate are both decendants of Sir Alexander Livingston, who flourished under James 2nd Stewart King of Scots. (clan Livingstoun)

The Purchase was one of several territorial additions to the U.S.

( Sir Alexander Livingston (died 1472) ancestor 13GGF of President Woodrow Wilson, 15th GGF of PM Winston Churchill, 16th GGF of Lady Diana Spencer (and heirs), 16th GGF PM Cameron. (clans Calendar, Menteith, Stirling, Dundas, Douglas, Stewart).

1839 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, notes that the first LDS missionaries to Scotland were Canadian Scottish Saints named Samuel Mulliner and Alexander Wright. They arrived in Glasgow on December 20, 1839, and, as the new year dawned, Elder Mulliner went alone to the Paisley region to do missionary work, as Elder Wright was too ill to accompany him. “The Manuscript History of the Paisley Branch,” Church Archives.


1946 It’s a Wonderful Life was nominated for five Oscars without winning any, although the film has since been recognized by the American Film Institute as one of the 100 best American films ever made and placed number one on its list of the most inspirational American films of all time.

Poster. James Maitland “Jimmy” Stewart 1908-1997. Brigadier General United States Air Force, American actor, Scottish descent. (clan Stewart) Features Auld Lang Syne at end.


1971 Mark Irvan Choate born California (12th great grand son of the Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, 2nd Lord Campbell flourished 1457-1493.)

Campbell Earl of Argyll 1010 2Montgomery2Blair 2Cochrane2Miller 2Simmons2Choate to zoe TOAG

The Fourth of July celebrations mean so much more to one BYU history professor who spent the past school year among people in the process of having their freedom restored.

Called up by the Army Reserves 2011, Major Mark Choate left his classroom at BYU to serve for eight months as a historian for U.S. Special Operations Forces.

Choate traveled by air and ground to rural villages in 14 provinces of Afghanistan to observe the transition to self-governance. Based on his interviews with more than 300 U.S. and coalition personnel, he wrote a handbook for village stability operations. On his way home, the military awarded him the Bronze Star during a ceremony at Special Operations Command. “The U.S military treats history as a very important part of learning and commemorating and improving upon what has happened in the global war on terrorism,” Choate said.

Though his handbook remains classified, Choate points out that democracy isn’t foreign to Afghans. Prior to the Soviet invasion, villages had a long tradition of making decisions through local councils called shuras. Not surprising, stability in the rural villages is best achieved when the NATO efforts help revive and empower that culture of local councils.

“Afghanistan was fairly stable for thousands of years up until the Soviet invasion and totalitarian regime,” Choate said. “The fabric of Afghanistan is still there. Building upon local shuras and regional development holds the promise of a stable Afghanistan in the future without a continuing coalition operation.”

Choate recalls attending one shura that was interrupted by the ringing of a cell phone. The disturbance was welcomed with smiles because it meant that the cell phone service — which had been disrupted in the past by the Taliban — was now back online.

Choate’s travels also brought him to parts of the country that only days earlier had finally been cleared of Taliban fighters. In one valley along the Helmand River, the road had been in disrepair for more than five years. As soon as the coalition’s “A Team” made repairs, Choate witnessed an instant flood of traffic pour in from throughout the valley.

“The liberation of the valley was like a scene from the liberation of France,” Choate said. “People coming out from the villages to thank the Special Forces, and then the trade and economic development and the exchange of ideas that followed, were just exciting to see.”

Choate is in only one in the Army uniform, standing third from the right.

Choate enlisted in the Army National Guard at age 17 while at Yale College and then switched to the Army Reserves before finishing his M.A., M. Phil, and Ph.D. in history from Yale. He joined the history faculty at BYU in 2001 and actually crossed paths in Afghanistan with a former student serving as a convoy commander.

“I bring back to my students the idea that world history has not ended,” Choate said. “We can still contribute; we can still be a part of history.”

This 4th of July, Choate is grateful to be reunited with his family on the home front.

“I have always been patriotic, but now I have a deeper appreciation for the price of freedom,” he said. “Our special operations forces are sacrificing and accomplishing so much to help our Afghan allies in their own battle for independence.”

(clans MacAlan 1317, Macdonald Earl of Ross Lord of the Isles1440, Macdonald of Galloway 1250, Macgilivrail Macgillivray 1180, Mar Earl of Mar 1330, Martin GAL, Maule of Parmure, Maxwell 1450 Maccuswell 1196, Macpherson 1893 GAL, MacPherson of Inverness 1568 GAL, McCullum 1775 GAL, Meldrum of Tibbermore Perth 1756, Melville 1420 of Cairnbee, Menteith of Carse 1400, Millar of Alloway and Gilvan 1649, Millar of Temple Killoch Ochiltree Ayr 1630, Miller of St Quivox Ayr 1732, Molle 1131, Montefex 1373, Montgomerie Earl of Eglinton 1536 , Montgomery of Eaglesham 1361 of Ardrossan 1429, Moray 1400, Morton – Margaret Renfrew, Munfode 1320, Mure or More of Rowallan 1390 Muir, Murray of Tullibardine 1500)

       Ardrossan (Gaelic: Àird Rosain) is a town on the North Ayrshire coast in south-western Scotland. The name “Ardrossan” describes its physical position — ‘ard’ from the Gaelic àird meaning headland, ‘ros’ a promontory and the diminutive suffix ‘-an’ – headland of the little promontory.


1980 Tunes of Glory filmed at Stirling Castle in Stirling, Scotland, which was the actual location where writer James Kennaway served with the Gordon Highlanders.



December 21 Winter soltice Shortest day light in northern hemisphere. Summer soltice in southern hemisphere. Tytler’s History of Scotland from Encyclopedia Britannica.


A.D. 1099. The Crusaders take Jerusalem. and erect a Christian kingdom (lasts about 2 centuries); Godfrey of Bouillon. Sovereign; Knights of St John instituted.

Godefroid de BOUILLON (Leader of 1st Crusade)  aka Godfrey V; aka Geoffrey de BOULOGNE; King of JERUSALEM; PROTECTOR of The Holy Sepulchre; founded the Priory of SION; Crusader.  Born:  France 1061    Died:  18 Jul 1100 Jerusalem. HM George I’s 18-Great Grandfather.       HRE Ferdinand I’s 13-Great Half-Uncle.       HRE Charles VI’s 19-Great Grandfather.       U.S. President [WASHINGTON]‘s 19-Great Grandfather.       PM Churchill’s 23-Great Grandfather.       Lady Diana’s 24-Great Grandfather.

1100 A.D. sometime this year. Henry I Beauclerc King of England, Lion of Justice. (12 generation ancestor of James 2nd Stewart King of Scots). Born:  Yorks. 1068    Died:  1 Dec 1135 Rouen, France     d. after eating surfeit of lampreys. HM George I’s 15-Great Grandfather.       HRE Ferdinand I’s 11-Great Grandfather.       U.S. President [WASHINGTON]‘s 18-Great Grandfather.       PM Churchill’s 22-Great Grandfather.

1118 A.D. sometime this year. Order of the Templars instituted.

1136 A.D, sometime this year. Stephen. House of Blois. [ reign 1135-1154] King of England. HM George I’s 14-Great Grandfather.       HRE Ferdinand I’s 11-Great Grandfather.       U.S. President [WASHINGTON]‘s 18-Great Grandfather.       PM Churchill’s 22-Great Grandfather.

1147 A.D. sometime this year. Second Crusade under Conrad III Holy Roman Emperor of Germany and Louis VII ‘the Younger’ King of France.

Konrad 3rd HOHENSTAUFEN; of SWABIA; King of the ROMANS; Duke of FRANKEN, (1093-1152 Bamberg). 21st ggf US President U.S.Grant, 15th ggf HM George 1st.

Louis 7th Crusader (1119-1180). HM George I’s 14-Great Grandfather.       HRE Ferdinand I’s 10-Great Grandfather.       U.S. President [WASHINGTON]‘s 17-Great Grandfather.       PM Churchill’s 21-Great Grandfather. (

  1. Frederic Barbarossa of Germany begins reign. von STAUFEN (Barbarossa). Holy Roman Emperor of Germany. III of SWABIA; of LOUVAINE; de HOHENSTAUFEN (1123-1190 13th ggf HM George 1st. 17th ggf US President George Washington.

1154 A.D. sometime this year. Henry II. (Plantagenet). King of England. (15 generation ancestor of Anne Stewart wife of Andrew Millar 1st Minister of Temple and Killoch in Ayrshire Scotland)

1164 A.D. sometime this year. Teutonic order of knighthood instituted in Germany.

1172 A.D. sometime this year. Ireland conquered by Henry II, King of England.

1180 A.D. sometime this year. Philip II. (Augustus), King of France.  aka Filips II Augustus van CAPET. (1165-1223) HM George I’s 13-Great Grandfather.       HRE Ferdinand I’s 10-Great Grandfather.       U.S. President [WASHINGTON]‘s 16-Great Grandfather.       PM Churchill’s 21-Great Grandfather.

1187 A.D. sometime this year. Jerusalem taken by Saladin. Sultan of Egypt. 1189 A.D. sometime this year. Richard I. (Coeur de Lion). King of England – – third crusade under Frederic Barbarossa (Holy Land drowned, ends reign).

Richard of England. and Philip of France. Richard restore Scotland’s independence.

1199 A.D. sometime this year. John. King of England.

  1. Fourth crusade under Baldwin. Earl of Flanders.

1204 A.D. sometime this year. The Inquisition established by Pope Innocent III.

1206 A.D. sometime this year. Genghis Khan and the Tartars (Mongols) begin to overrun the empire of the Saracens

1216 A.D. sometime this year. Magna Charta signed by King John and Barons.

  1. A.D. sometime this year. Henry III King of England.
  2. A.D. sometime this year. Fifth crusade under Andrew II King of Hungary.

1226 A.D. sometime this year. Louis IX. King of France; institution of the monastic orders of St Dominic and St Francis. 1228. A,D, sometime this year. Sixth Crusade under the Emperor Frederic II.

1248 A.D. sometime this year. Seventh Crusade under Louis IX, King of France (Saint Louis). 1258. A.D. sometime this year. Baghdad taken by the Tartars; end of the empire of the Saracens. 1270. A.D. sometime this year. Eighth Crusade under Louis IX. (Saint Louis). 1272. A.D. sometime this year. Edward I King of England. 1283. Wales conquered by Edward I. 1294. A,D, sometime this year. Roger Bacon d. 1295. A.D. sometime this year. First English House of Commons assembled. Parliament.

1299 A.D. sometime this year. Spectacles invented. Glass (silicon) is new technology, stimulates building of cathedrals to display windows telling stories. Returns as the new

1301 A.D. sometime this year. Dante the Italian poet, exiled from Florence.


1319 A.D. Berwick. A 2 year truce between Scotland and England begins, after Edward, King of England, raises the siege of Berwick. In the summer of 1319, King Edward, having lost Berwick, determined to recover Berwick. Edward’s army assaulted Berwick. The Scots, commanded by the widower Steward of Scotland, defended, so the English settled into a siege of Berwick. For relief, Bruce determined on a diversion, Randolph and Douglas gathered 15,000 men, invaded York, but a Scots prisoner of the English betrayed the strategy, the English avoided that trap. In response, the Scots attacked the English at Mitton on the Swale (September 28, 1319), routing the English, with 4,000 dead on the field, with 300 ecclesiastics, wearing their surplices over their armour. In allusion to the clerical character of the English leaders, the battle was designated ‘the Chapter of Mitton.’ Tytler’s History of Scotland from Britannica 50.


1588 A.D. sometime in. The last signing of an existing Coldingham, Berwickshire, Scotland Priory paper by a monk was in 1588 by George Acheson.



1601 In Glasgow infected and shut up. February 4 1602 Edinburgh infected and town council built lodgings for sick in Schenis Sciennes belonging to Napier, of Merchiston, without hiis leave, having ploughed up ld plague-muir and leased it to Napier, we know because Napier protested on march 11. pp. 370 December 21. A History of Epidemics in Britain from A.D. 664 to the Extinction of Plague Charles Creighton, M.A. M.D. Demonstrator of Anatomy University of Cambridge. 1891




1668 A.D. the slitting to the bone of Sir John Coventry’s nose, that Sir Walter Scott employs in the text of “Peveril of the Peak”, The ill-usage of Sir John Coventry by some of the Life Guardsmen, in revenge of something said in Parliament concerning the King’s theatrical amours, gave rise to what was called Coventry’s Act, against cutting and maiming the person. “Peveril of the Peak” is set in the Popish Plot of 1678.  The plot was entirely fictitious, and served anti-Catholic ends.


1688 William III (of England) refused the crown as de facto king and instead called another assembly of peers on 21 December 1688. Of England William 1st (the conqueror), William 2nd (Rufus, the 1st son), William 3rd (of Orange), William 4th (King Billy before Victoria). Of Scotland William 1st (the Lion), William 2nd (of Orange), etc. Clan Stewart.


1696 The Darien colony on the Isthmus between the Americas. Sometime in December. That this mode of destroying the funds of the concern might be yet more effectual, the weight of the King’s (William 2nd ) influence with foreign states was employed to diminish the credit of the undertaking, and to intercept the subscriptions which had been obtained for the Company abroad. For this purpose, the English envoy at Hamburgh was directed  to transmit to the Senate of that commercial city a remonstrance on the part of King William II, accusing them of having encouraged the commissioners of the Darien Company; requesting them to desist from doing so ; intimating that the plan, said to be fraught with many evils, had not the  support of his Majesty ; and protesting, that the refusal of the Senate to withdraw their countenance from the scheme, would threaten an interruption to the friendship which his Majesty desired to cultivate with the good city of Hamburgh. The Senate returned to this application a spirited answer-” The city of Hamburgh,” they said, ” considered it as strange that the King of England should dictate to them, a free people, with whom they were to engage in commercial arrangements ; and were yet more astonished to find themselves blamed for having entered into such engagements with a body of his own Scottish subjects, [Sir Walter Scott’s Tales of a Grandfather-59-36] incorporated under a special act of Parliament.”  William was the 3rd King William for England (after William the Conqueror and William Rufus), but only 2nd King William for Scotland (after William the Lion).

The Great Bay, The Outward Bay of Caledonia, Fort St Andrew, The Inward Bay of Caledonia, New Caledonia, Darien, Golder Istand. The Scots settlement in America called New Caledonia A.D.1699. Lat[itude] North. According to an Original Drawing by H. Moll G 1729. The Bay of Caledonia is about 9 Leagues West of the Gulf of Darien.

We found the Ground near Goldin Island very foul and Rocky full of deep holes and uncertain Soundings. But within the Rock in the Bay is very good. Another ground and here is plenty of Ecellent good water, Ships may enter the bay at either side of the Rock but the East side is the best. A place where upon Diggin for Stones to make an Oven at B a considerabel mixture of Gold was found in them. Wood increases here Prodigiously for the many scores of Acres we cleared, yet in a few Months after it was to overgrown as if no body had been there. Point Look Out.



1743 Samuel Johnson finished biography The Life of Richard Savage, Richard Savage, a London poet and friend of Johnson who died in 1743.


Title page of Life of Mr Richard Savage. In 1877, August 22nd and 23rd, among others, Johnson ‘’called upon me, as an Apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, in the Temple at St. George, two consecutive nights, and demanded at my hands that I should go forth and attend to the ordinances of the House of God for them…. I told these brethren that it was their duty to go into the Temple and labor until they had got endowments for all of them. The did it. Would those spirits have called upon me, as an Elder in Israel to perform that work if they had not been noble spirits before God? They would not.”(Wilford Woodruff, Conference Report, April 1898, p. 89-90.)


1770 Isabella Cochrane (d 21.12.1770) died, wife of m. John Ogilvy of Balbegno.

Ogilvy Crest: A lady affrontée from the middle upward Proper in Azure vestments richly attired holding a portcullis Gules.Motto: A FIN.
[“To the end”].
Badge: whitethorn, hawthorn or evergreen alkanet Chief: David George Patrick Coke Ogilvy, 8th Earl of Airlie


1805 – Thomas Graham, British chemist born (d. 1869).


1811 – Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1882) born.

TAIT clan seat in Pirn, Tweeddale


1850 – William Wallace Lincoln, son of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln. (d. 1862) born. Named after Mary’s brother-in-law Dr. William Wallace, also for the Scots national hero. (clan Wallace).


1872 – Challenger expedition: HMS Challenger, commanded by Captain George Nares, sails from Portsmouth. Prompted by the Scot, Charles Wyville Thomson—of the University of Edinburgh and Merchiston Castle School—the Royal Society of London obtained the use of Challenger from the Royal Navy and in 1872 modified the ship for scientific work, equipping her with separate laboratories for natural history and chemistry. Under the scientific supervision of Thomson himself, she travelled 68,890-nautical-mile (127,580 km) surveying and exploring. The result was the Report Of The Scientific Results of the Exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 which, among many other discoveries, catalogued over 4,000 previously unknown species. Other scientists were Wyville Thomson, John Murray, John Young Buchanan, Henry Nottidge Moseley, and Rudolf von Willemoes-Suhm, Lord George Granville Campbell, and Andrew Francis Balfour (one of the sons of Scottish botanist John Hutton Balfour).

Campbell Earl of Argyll 1010 2Montgomery2Blair 2Cochrane2Miller 2Simmons2Choate to zoe TOAG

HMS Challenger under sail 1874. The ship became the namesake of the Space Shuttle Challenger a century later. In 1985, a procurement for the Air Force Titan IV program was to repair and service the Launch complex at Pad 41 Canaveral Space Center. The contract’s legal sufficiency was reviewed by Major Choate in June 1985. The project saved the Air Force space team, which in turned saved America’s space program, after the Challenger disaster in January 1986.


1896 – Leroy Robertson, American composer (d. 1971) born in Fountain Green, Utah. In the 1985 edition of the LDS hymnal there is one hymn with words by Robertson and eight hymns for which he wrote the music. “On This Day of Joy and Gladness” (hymn #64) has both words and music by Robertson, while “Let Earth’s Inhabitants Rejoice” (hymn #53), “”Great King of Heaven” (hymn #63), “God of Our Fathers, Know of Old” (hymn #80), “I’m A Pilgrim, I’m A Stranger” (hymn #121), “Upon The Cross Of Calvary” (hymn #184), “We Love Thy House, Oh God” (hymn #247) and “Go Ye Messengers of Glory” (hymn #262) have music by Robertson.


1906 December 21 National Gallery of Scotland Act. In 1889 William Hole painted the Heroes of Scotland.

James Kennedy, Bishop of St Andrews, statesman; Robert Boyd, Lord Boyd, statesman; Marie of Gueldres Queen of James II; Sir William Crichton, Lord Crichton, Chancellor of Scotland;

Crichton of Brunstone 1100 2Gordon2Kennedy 2Stewart2Miller 2Simmons2Choate

James II King of Scots; Sir Alexander Livingston, Guardian of James II; King James I King of Scots; Joan Beaufort, Queen of James I; Donald Macdonald Lord of the Isles; David Stewart Duke of Rothesay, eldest son of Robert III; Robert III Governor of Scotland; Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, (ancestor of Andrew Stewart 2nd Lord Ochiltree) Governor of Scotland; John Barbour, poet and author of “The Bruce”; Archibald, 3rd Earl of Douglas, Lord of Galloway and Guardian of Scotland; Robert II King of Scots ‘The Steward’



1932 Andrew Pickens Miller born. Attorney General of Virginia from 1970 to 1977. Miller was selected as Chairman of the Southern Conference of Attorneys General, Chairman of NAAG’s Antitrust Committee, and a member of NAAG’s Executive Committee. Miller was the recipient of NAAG’s Wyman Memorial Award. He established the John Marshall Foundation and was its first president. (descendant of Andrew Myllar of the 16th century, and clans Stewart, Hunter, Lockhart, Meldrum, Cochrane). Princeton 1954, son in law of J. Douglas Brown Princeton 1919, Dean of the Faculty at Princeton until 1967.



December 21, 1945 “Old Blood and Guts” dies, 1945. General George S. Patton, commander of the U.S. 3rd Army. Patton graduated from the West Point Military Academy in 1909. He represented the United States in the 1912 Olympics-as the first American participant in the pentathlon. He did not win a medal. He went on to serve in the Tank Corps during World War I. 26 years later, at the Battle of the Bulge, during which Patton once again succeeded in employing a complex and quick-witted strategy, turning the German thrust into Bastogne into an Allied counterthrust, driving the Germans east across the Rhine. In March 1945, Patton’s army swept through southern Germany into Czechoslovakia—which he was stopped from capturing by the Allies, out of respect for the Soviets’ postwar political plans for Eastern Europe. The Iron Curtain.


U.S.A. General George S. Patton with Sherman tank.



1966 –Kiefer William Frederick Dempsey George Rufus Sutherland, born London, Canadian actor, Scots descent.

1968 – Apollo program: Apollo 8 launched from the Kennedy Space Center, placing its crew on a lunar trajectory for the first visit to another celestial body by humans.


1988 Lockerbie bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 on 21 December 1988 when the wreckage fell on the town of Lockerbie in the Dumfries and Galloway region of south-western Scotland. ”Pan Am Flight 103 was Pan American World Airways’ third daily scheduled transatlantic flight from London Heathrow Airport to New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport. On Wednesday, 21 December 1988, the aircraft flying this route — a Boeing 747–121 registered N739PA and named “Clipper Maid of the Seas” — was destroyed by a bomb, killing all 243 passengers and 16 crew members. Eleven people in Lockerbie, in southern Scotland, were also killed as large sections of the plane fell in the town and destroyed several houses, bringing total fatalities to 270. As a result, the event is also known as the Lockerbie bombing.

“”Four members of one family, Jack and Rosalind Somerville and their children Paul, 13, and Lynsey, 10, died when their house at 15 Sherwood Crescent exploded. [Miller’s ancestors include clan Somerville.]

Somerville. William de Somerville, the second son, came to Scotland with David I., from whom he had a grant of the lands of Carnwath in Clydesdale.

Somerville witnessed the foundation charter of Melrose abbey by that monarch in 1136, also donations by him to the monasteries of Dunfermline and Kelso. He died in 1142, and was buried at Melrose. He had two sons, William, who witnessed a charter of David I. to the abbacy of Kelso in 1144, as well as several of Malcolm IV., and died in 1161; and Walter, witness to a charter of the latter monarch betwixt 1154 and 1160. The former left a son, also named William de Somerville, witness to several charters of Malcolm IV. and William the Lion. In the reign of the latter he slew a monstrous animal which greatly devastated the district of Linton, Roxburghshire. According to tradition, it was a serpent, supposed to have been the last that infested that part of the country, and in 1174 he obtained the lands of Linton from the king as a reward.

‘’The actress Kim Cattrall [character Samantha Jones] was also booked on the flight but changed her reservation shortly beforehand in order to complete some last minute gift shopping in London. Kim’s father’s namesake family was from the same area of Manchester from which our Cattrall’s lived in the 15th century.]


1900 Map with Lockerbie (centered), Dumfries, Lochmaben, Ecclesechan, Gretna , Annan River Annan, River Esk, Canonbie, Liaad, Newcastleton.


December 22 – 1507 [YYMA 36 – Yours for Yesteryear the Millers of Ayrshire] Another payment of 50 shillings [by the Lord High Treasurer was made to Andro Myllar Edinburgh bookseller] in [22] December, 1507, but he was not then in Edinburgh; the ‘iij prentit bukis were tane fra Andro Millaris wif.’ [three printed books were taken from Andrew Millar’s wife.] Miller’s absence is explicable: during the years 1505-07 Millar was a publisher.

In 1506, Exposito Sequentiarum, a liturgical work describing the usage of Sarum in England, was printed for Millar; a copy turned up in a collection from Tours that was sold in Paris in 1869. The copy in the British Museum is believed to be unique. In it is Myllar’s device, reproduced as the colophon of this publication: the central figure is a miller with a sack on his back, climbing up to the door of a four-vaned windmill on a ladder around whose base are some large-scale flowers. Hanging by a strap from a peg on the mill is a shield bearing a weathervane whose base is composed of an alpha and an omega. Two small shields, each bearing three fleur-de-lys, are in the upper corners; Androw Myllar is printed in bold letters at the bottom.

The centre of the British museum was redeveloped in 2001 to become the Great Court, surrounding the original Reading Room, Wikipedia, which has Myllar’s printed book of Scotland. The story of the Andrew Myllar’s family disappears for 54 years, until about 1560, when another Andrew Myllar marries a daughter of the Lord Ochiltree, clan Stewart, and Andrew later becomes brother in law to John Knox the Divine.


1509 Battle of Polesella forces of the Duchy of Ferrara and the Republic of Venice, was a naval battle on the River Po in the War of the League of Cambrai in the Italian Wars.

Northern Italy in 1494; by the start of the war in 1508, Louis XII had expelled the Sforza from the Duchy of Milan and added its territory to France. Pope Julius II, intending to curb Venetian influence in northern Italy, had created the League of Cambrai, an anti-Venetian alliance that included, besides himself, Louis XII of France, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Ferdinand II of Aragon. Although the League was initially successful, friction between Julius and Louis caused it to collapse by 1510; Julius then allied himself with Venice against France.


1606 sometime in, The once grand title ‘Prior of Coldingham’ were held by the sixth Lord Home. Home gave up this spirituality, and the Scottish Parliament confirmed it.


1715 Chevalier de St George , (James VIII Stewart, afterwards nicknamed auld Pretender), lands at Peterhead. [TG72-409]. The Chevalier responded to an invitation to head the army, and game with ONLY six gentlemen. The army of Mar had already retreated north to Perth. Chevalier went to Fetteresso, Chevalier met the Earl of Mar with 30 nobles and gentlemen, then went to Dundee. Tytler’s Britannica 228.

The Old Pretender lands in Scotland after Sheriffmuir. An 18th-century engraving.

James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales (the Chevalier de St George, “The King Over the Water“, “The Old Pretender” or “The Old Chevalier“; 10 June 1688 – 1 January 1766) was the son of the deposed James II of England and Ireland (James VII of Scotland).


1825 written ‘Bonnie Dundee’ is a poem and a song about John Graham, 7th Laird of Claverhouse, 1st Viscount Dundee, who was known by this nickname. In 1684 Dundee Married Lady Jean Cochrane (clan Cochrane, William 1st Earl of Dundonald’s daughter, and niece of Colonel Hugh Cochrane, Covenanters and Presbyterians). The song has been used as a regimental march by several Scottish regiments in the British Army and was adapted by Confederate troops in the American Civil War. Called “Bluidy Clavers” (Bloody Claverhouse) by his opponents [Presbyterians], but ‘Bonnie Dundee’ by his followers among the Jacobites [Catholics]. John’s nickname, “Bonnie”, arose either from his exploits as a leader or that he was considered handsome. Walter Scott – On 22 December 1825 Scott wrote in his journal The air of ‘Bonnie Dundee’ running in my head today I [wrote] a few verses to it before dinner, taking the key-note from the story of Claverse leaving the Scottish Convention of Estates in 1688-9. Scott’s namesake great-grandfather, Walter Scott, had been among Claverhouse’s followers and describing himself as “a most incorrigible Jacobite”.

John Graham of Claverhouse, 7th Laird of Claverhouse, then (1688) 1st Viscount Dundee,

To the Lords of Convention ’twas Clavers who spoke,

‘Ere the King’s crown shall fall there are crowns to be broke;

‘So let each Cavalier who loves honour and me,

Come follow the bonnet of Bonny Dundee.’

Come fill up my cup, come fill up my can,

Come saddle your horses, and call up your men;

Come open the West Port and let me gang free,

And it’s room for the bonnets of Bonny Dundee!

Dundee he is mounted, he rides up the street,

The bells are rung backward, the drums they are beat;

But the Provost, douce man, said, “Just e’en let him be,

The Gude Town is weel quit of that Deil of Dundee.

John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, 1648 – 1689 (nicknamed “Bonnie Dundee”). Miniature by David Paton, made between 1660 and 1695. Displayed by the National Galleries of Scotland. The Graham family was descended from King Robert III, through his second daughter Princess Mary. Both John and David were educated at the University of St Andrews, graduating in 1661. Wikipedia cites him as a Tory and Episcopalian.


1828 Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson, born Rachel Donelson, (June 15, 1767 – December 22, 1828) was the wife of Andrew Jackson, the 7th President of the United States. Rachel Donelson was born near the Banister River, about ten miles from Chatham, Virginia in Pittsylvania County on June 15, 1767. Her father was Colonel John Donelson (1718–1785), co-founder of Nashville, Tennessee, and her mother was Rachel Stockley Donelson (1730-1801). Her great-grandfather, Patrick Donelson, was born in Scotland about 1670.

She was Presbyterian. She was an avid reader of the Bible and religious works as well as poetry. She died in 1828, and she was buried on the grounds at The Hermitage. First Lady of the United States.

In 1877 Seventeen Eminent Scots’ Spirits, including Donelson, appeared to and requested Baptism from Wilford Woodruff, President of the Saint George Temple, WASHINGTON, Utah 22-23 August 1877. Woodruff’s eminent men – Scots


On August 22nd and 23rd 1877, Wilford Woodruff, later reported that three knights, among others, Sir Walter Scott ‘called upon me, as an Apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, in the Temple at St. George, two consecutive nights, and demanded at my hands that I should go forth and attend to the ordinances of the House of God for them.’ A high honor indeed! 6) Great grand father Walter Scott 1620-1688 had

5) Walter Beardie Scott 1679-3 nov 1729 married Margaret Campbell had

4) Robert Scott 1695 -1775 Fququier Virginia married Barbara Haliburton (Mother Janet Campbell, Father Thomas Haliburton) had

3) Walter SCOTT (AFN: 9HC9-BF) 1729-1799 married Anne RUTHERFORD (AFN: 20NB-6K2) (M. Elizabeth Swinton, GF John Swinton.

Swinton         Motto: J’ESPERE [from French “I hope”].         Chief: John Walter Swinton of that Ilk. Crest: A boar chained to a tree Proper.) had

2) Sir Walter Scott(AFN: 9HC9-DR) 15 Aug 1771 Edinburgh, Midlothianshire, Scotland Death: 21 Sep 1832 Abbotsford, Roxburgh, Scotland married Charlotte Mary CARPENTER (AFN: JW1X-3V)Family

CARPENTIER (AFN: 20NB-6L8) Marriage: Dec 1797   Spouse: Margaret Charlotte CHARPENTIER (AFN: 9HC9-FX

  1. Edinburgh and the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Samuel Mulliner (b. 1809), and Alexander Wright (b. 1804), Scots, arrive as missionaries. [Ensign Feb. 1987] They sought out Samuel’s parents in Edinburgh. Received with “great rejoisen” on the evening of December 22, they “let them [k]now our erand to scotland.” This home evening saw the first preaching of the restored gospel in that country. Born in 1804, Alexander had emigrated to Canada in 1835, joined the Church there, and was sent back to Great Britain on a mission in the early months of 1839. He walked from Ohio to New York City “at the rate of twenty or twenty-five miles a day,” 1 and there met another native Scot who would accompany him on the first Latter-day Saint missionary journey to Scotland.

Sample pamphlet



1862 Cornelius McGillicuddy, Sr. (December 22, 1862 – February 8, 1956), better known as Connie Mack, was an American professional baseball player, manager, and team owner. The longest-serving manager in Major League Baseball history, he holds records for wins (3,731), losses (3,948), and games managed (7,755), with his victory total being almost 1,000 more than any other manager. The Scots clan McGillicuddy was Jacobite. Mack’s parents came from Ireland. The I Love Lucy TV series gave the heroine’s name as fictional Lucy Ricardo (née Lucille Esmeralda McGillicuddy).


1903 Future winner of the 1905 The John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium, John Moses Browning (January 23, 1855 – November 26, 1926), received patent. Browning was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (clans Hamilton –Avondale, Lanarkshie, Scotland, Allison, Ellyson – Windyedge, Lanark)

The druggist John Scott of Edinburgh organized a $4,000 fund in 1816 for The John Scott Legacy Medal and Premium, to be presented to an inventor whose inventions improved the “comfort, welfare, and happiness of human kind” in a significant way. The Franklin Institute and the City Council of Philadelphia

The Patent U.S. Patent 747,585 Colt Model 1903 Pocket Hammerless automatic pistol.

Colt Pocket Hammerless


1941 fictional Archibald “Archie” Andrews debuted in Pep Comics 22 (December, 1941), age 17. Archie is the only child of fictional Mary and Fred Andrews. Mary and Fred Andrews are of Scottish descent. Archie’s fictional paternal grandfather Andy Andrews, immigrated to the United States from Scotland. Archie has been depicted wearing the traditional kilt of his ancestors and playing bagpipes. Wikipedia.

The Adventures of Archie Andrews 1947


1942 Longstop hill Djebel el Rhar North Africa. The Coldstream Guards, oldest Regiment, of the British Army , originating in Coldstream Scotland in 1650.

  • The Coldstreams were keen to close with the enemy in their first fight since Dunkirk, two and a half years earlier, and they tramped forward in bright moonlight that filtered through scudding clouds. At 11 p.m. on Tuesday, December 22, a barrage by sixteen British guns confirmed for the Germans the Allied assault that Luftwaffe reconnaissance had detected earlier. *** The cannonade lifted, and four Coldstream companies pushed off. *** Slippig on the scree and shooting from the hip, the Coldstreams scrambled toward the top even as a company commander and sergeant major fell dead. *** German pickets counterattacked then scuttled back.*** Coldsreams followed *** then dug in among the rocks. On the right flank of the hill, next to Highway 50 another Coldstream company seized a rail station *** Coldstreams held the high ground. ***


1962 Ralph Nathaniel Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes (born 22 dec 1962). He is also well known for playing fictional Scottish Lord Voldemort in the fictional Scottish Harry Potter film series.

In Character.



1971 Kidnapped is a 1971 (release date American) British adventure film directed by Delbert Mann and starring Michael Caine and Trevor Howard based on the novel Kidnapped and the first half of the sequel Catriona, which begins precisely where Kidnapped ends, at 2 PM on 25 August 1751 outside the British Linen Company in Edinburgh, Scotland. by Robert Louis Stevenson.

The book recounts the attempts of the hero, David Balfour, to gain justice for James Stewart (James of the Glens), who has been arrested and charged with complicity in the Appin Murder. David makes a statement to a lawyer and goes on to meet Lord Prestongrange, the Lord Advocate, to press the case for James’ innocence. However, his attempts fail as he is once again kidnapped and confined on the Bass Rock, an island in the Firth of Forth, until the trial is over, and James condemned to death. David also meets and falls in love with Catriona MacGregor Drummond, the daughter of James MacGregor Drummond, known as James More, also held in prison, whose escape she engineers.

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Full title of the book – Kidnapped: Being Memoirs of the Adventures of David Balfour in the Year 1751: How he was Kidnapped and Cast away; his Sufferings in a Desert Isle; his Journey in the Wild Highlands; his acquaintance with Alan Breck Stewart and other notorious Highland Jacobites; with all that he Suffered at the hands of his Uncle, Ebenezer Balfour of Shaws, falsely so-called: Written by Himself and now set forth by Robert Louis Stevenson.



1988 Lockerbie bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 on 21 December 1988 when the wreckage fell on the town of Lockerbie in the Dumfries and Galloway region of south-western Scotland.

CIA and the Helsinki warning, the day after, a day late.


1994 Shallow Grave shot predominantly at Glasgow rather than Edinburgh, which is where the story is set, since Glasgow film fund gave them a £150,000 grant. Locations in the film include: Flat 6 North East Circus Place, New Town, Edinburgh Hospital scenes were filmed at Royal Alexandra Hospital, Paisley, Renfrewshire ceilidh scene Townhouse Hotel – 54 West George Street, Glasgow, Strathclyde

Poster Shallow Grave.


December 23 1334 Andrew Murray of Bothwell as a potent war leader at the Battle of Culblean on November 30. Murray had been captured in 1332, ransomed himself in 1334 and immediately sped north to lay siege to Dundarg Castle in Buchan held by Sir Henry de Beaumont—the castle fell to Murray on 23 December 1334.

Battle of Culblean monument Aberdeenshire, former names Grampian, Kincardine and Deeside.

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1580 William Cunningham laird of Caprington

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assize on trial of William Lord Ruthven, lord high treasurer, and 82 others, for slaughter of John Buchan, a servant of Lawrence Lord Oliphant, when they were acquitte. Anderson v 1/ p 744.

Oliphant Crest: A unicorn’s head couped Argent armed and manned Or. Motto: TOUT POURVOIR.
[from French: “Provide for all”]. Badge: bull rush. Chief: Richard Oliphant of that Ilk


1583 RUTHVEN, WILLIAM, 4th Lord Ruthven and 1st Earl of Gowrie (1541?–1584), Provost and Lieutenant of Perth, Lord High Treasurer, the king also under the great seal granted full remission both to him and his servants for their share in the Ruthven raid (Reg. Mag. Sig. Scot. 1580–93, No. 648).


1642 Bunbury Agreement designed to keep Cheshire neutral during the Civil War (failed)


1688 James II fled to France. The Old Pretender, Duke of York, namesake for New York City (renamed from New Amsterdam). Clan Stewart.


1745 Lord Lewis Gordon got 750 under arms, chiefly Lowland men of Aberdeen shire, under Moir of Stonywood,and Farquharson of Monaltry, with a proportion of the Royal Scots regiment, and hastened against the enemy. [TG81-254] MacLeod was nearly surprised, the Aberdeenshire men made a show of rushing to close combat, and the MacLeods gave way, and retreated or fled. As the battle was fought at night, the pursuit did not continue far, or cost much bloodshed. The MacLeods fled as far as Forres, having lost about forty of their men. Gordon then marched to Perth.

Farquharson Crest: On a chapeau Gules furred Ermine, a demi-lion Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Proper. Motto: FIDE ET FORTITUDINE.
[from Latin: “By fidelity and fortitude”].
Badge: Scots fir, red whortleberry, or foxglove Chief: Alwyne Farquharson of Invercauld.

INVERCAULD HOUSE. The Spell of Scotland by Keith Clark, 1916 to the Lord Marischall, Boston The Page Company. P.200.

1745 December 23 Marched up Nithsdale, then turned up the Menock

Pass by Leadhills to Douglas. The Prince lodged in Douglas Castle’ (ib. L.P. 499). On Dec. 3rd .I Loudon marched a force through Stratherrick to relieve Fort Augustus, threatened by the Frasers, under the Muter of Lovat (S.M. 589).

Fort Augustus

On the 11th he took Lord Lovat (who had been corresponding with both sides) a prisoner to Inverness’, whence he escaped on the 20th . and at once the clan marched under the Muter to join the Prince’s, army (L.L.T. 45). At the lame time Loudon sent a strong force under MacLeod of MacLeod, Munro of Cuicairn. and Grant of Grant to relieve Aberdeen (II. 344. S.M. 589).       Dec. 23rd . Lord Lewis Gordon marched from Aberdeen, and completely defeated MacLeod at the Skirmish of Inverurie, and forced him to retire across the Spey.

The Spey.



Dec. 23rd . The two regiments of foot and two qf cavalry sent to Stirling in November recalled to Edinburgh, along with the Glasgow and Paisley militia (S.M. 1746. p. 30).


Glasgow and Edinburgh.






1806 Joseph Smith, Junior, Apostle and Prophet of the Lord Jesus Christ, was born, in Sharon, Windsor county, Vermont, a descendant of Scots through Lucy Smith (nee Mack), mother.

A depiction of Joseph Smith’s description of receiving the golden plates from the angel Moroni at the Hill Cumorah (previously Ramah).

‘’No writer can ever accurately portray a prophet of God if he or she does not believe in prophecy. They cannot succeed in writing what they do not have in personal faith. That is why the best biography on Joseph Smith to date was one done by one who knew him and who served the Church as an apostle and member of the First Presidency. I refer to George Q. Cannon’s inspiring work, The Life of Joseph Smith.’’ Ezra Taft Benson of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of 
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints when this fireside
address, God’s Hand in Our Nation’s History, was given at Brigham Young University on 28 March 1976.

John Mack born 6 mar 1653 Inverness Scotland married in 1681 in Salisbury Massachusetts Bay Colony to Sarah Bagley, and had Ebenezer who had Solomon who had Lucy Mack who married Joseph Smith Senior, and who had Hyrum and Joseph and nine other children.

Map showing Inverness in the High lands of Northern Scotland.


  1. Edinburgh and the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Samuel Mulliner (b. 1809), and Alexander Wright (b. 1804), Scots, arrive as missionaries. [Ensign Feb. 1987] That morning, Alexander tried to shave and discovered that his face “was all braking out and all over my head B[rother] Millener said his was so too and he had got a bad cold he wished me to anoint him and lay hands on him so I did and requested the same blessing from him.”


1902 Norman Fitzroy Maclean born (December 23, 1902 – August 2, 1990) was an American author and scholar noted for his books A River Runs Through It and Other Stories (1976) and Young Men and Fire (1992).


1942 HM Queen Mary, Cunard Line, built Clydebank Scotland, converted to troopship. Until April 22, 1943 “THE LONG VOYAGE” from Gourock Scotland, to the Suez, Sydney, Australia, and return to Gourock Scotland. Total mileage: 37,943 miles Ship transferred to Atlantic Ocean.


1948 Angela Marie “Bay” Buchanan (born December 23, 1948) Treasurer of the United States. (clan Buchanan). The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints member.



December 24 – Christmastide to January 5th the day before Epiphany.


1165 Malcolm the Maiden , Malcolm IV, King of Scots, was succeeded by his brother WILLIAM [crowned 24th December, 1165], William the Lion, King of Scots, a son of Prince Henry, Henry of Scotland, Earl of Northumbria, and grandson of the good (Tg4-52 Sir W Scott’s history) King David. David I, In his time, warriors and men of consequence began to assume what are called armorial bearings, which ye may still see cut upon seals, engraved on silver plate, and painted upon gentlemen’s carriages. Warriors went into battle clad in complete armour, which covered them from top to toe. On their head they wore iron caps, called helmets, with visors, which came down and protected the face, so that nothing could be seen of the countenance except the eyes. But as it was necessary that a king, lord, or knight, should be known to his followers in battle, they adopted two ways of distinguishing themselves. [TG4-53] The one was by a crest, which they wore on the top of the helmet, and figures painted on shields.

David I (left) with the young Malcolm IV (right) Malcolm IV, Malcolum Deo Rectore Rex Scottorum

Malcolm, by God’s Rule King of the Scots

Mael Coluim Cennmor, mac Eanric, ardri Alban

Malcolm the Great Chief, son of Henry, High-King of Scotland

Dublin Armorial of Scottish Nobility

Dunvegan Armorial (Earl of Crawford)


1307 Battle of Inverurie in which Robert the Bruce defeated the troops of John Comyn. Clan Sempill supported King Robert the Bruce. Robert de Semple’s two sons were rewarded by the King for their services. The elder son, Robert, received all of the lands around Largs in Ayrshire which had been confiscated from the Clan Balliol. The younger son, Thomas, received a grant of half the lands of Longniddry.

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1584 sometime in, chief William Cochrane, along with several others was charged with being involved in the murder of Patrick Maxwell but Cochrane was never brought to trial.


1660 Mary Henrietta Stuart, English Princess Royal died of smallpox on 24 December 1660, at Whitehall Palace, London and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Born 4 November 1631. Daughter of Charles 1st.

Mary Stuart, Princess Royal, and husband William II, Prince of Orange. They were parents of King William 3rd of England and 2nd of Scotland. Mary was the first daughter of a British sovereign to hold the title Princess Royal.


1698 William Warburton (died 7 June 1779) born at Newark, where his father, who belonged to an old Cheshire family, was town clerk. William was educated at Oakham and Newark grammar schools, and in 1714 he was articled to Mr Kirke, an attorney, at East Markham, in Nottinghamshire. 1759 to 1779 served as Bishop of Gloucester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Gloucester in the Province of Canterbury. Printer Andrew Millar VI (clan Stewart, Lockhart, Hunter).

The Doctrine of Grace or the Office and Operations of the Holy Spirit Vidicated from the Insults of Infidelity and The Abuses of Fanaticism some Thoughts (humbly offered to the consideration of the established clergy) regarding the right method of defending Religion against the attacks of either Party etc. London Printed for A. Millar, and J. and R. Towson in the Strand. MDCCLXIII



1797 Sir Walter Scott married Charlotte Genevieve Charpentier. In an innovative and astute action, Scott wrote and published his first novel, Waverley, under the guise of anonymity.


1816 Sir Walter Scott stayed in the Waverley Hotel in Auchmithie and described Auchmithie in his novel The Antiquary (1816), under the name ‘Musslecrag’. Auchmithie is a former fishing village in Angus, [Forfarshire] Scotland, three and a half miles north east of the town of Arbroath. It sits atop a cliff of red sandstone conglomerate.

1799 map Aberbrothick, Light House, Frith of Tay, Lunan Bay, Red Head, Montrose.

1900 map, same cut as for 1799. Arbroath, Monikie, Carnoustie, Buddon Ness, Lunan, Guthrie.

It was a tale of the Jacobite rising of 1745 in the Kingdom of Great Britain. Its English protagonist was Edward Waverley, by his Tory upbringing sympathetic to the Jacobite cause. Becoming enmeshed in events, however, he eventually chooses Hanoverian respectability. There followed a succession of novels over the next five years, each with a Scottish historical setting. Mindful of his reputation as a poet, Scott maintained the anonymity he had begun with Waverley, always publishing the novels under the name Author of Waverley or attributed as “Tales of…” with no author. Even when it was clear that there would be no harm in coming out into the open, he maintained the façade, apparently out of a sense of fun. During this time the nickname The Wizard of the North was popularly applied to the mysterious best-selling writer. In 1819 Ivanhoe, a historical romance set in 12th-century England, marked a move away from a focus on the history and society of Scotland. Ivanhoe features a sympathetic Jewish character named Rebecca, considered by many critics to be the book’s real heroine. This was remarkable at a time when the struggle for the Emancipation of the Jews in England was gathering momentum,

       The Bride of Lammermoor based on a true story of two lovers, in the setting of the Lammermuir Hills. In the novel, Lucie Ashton and Edgar Ravenswood exchange vows, but Lucie’s mother discovers that Edgar is an enemy of their family. She intervenes and forces her daughter to marry Sir Arthur Bucklaw, who has just inherited a large sum of money on the death of his aunt. On their wedding night, Lucie stabs the bridegroom, succumbs to insanity, and dies. Donizetti’s opera Lucia di Lammermoor was based on Scott’s novel.

Rediscovering the ‘lost’ Honours of Scotland in 1818.

“I was also present [August 22, 23, 1877] in the St. George Temple and witnessed the appearance of the Spirits *** And also others [Sir Walter Scott]*** Who came to Wilford Woodruff and demanded that their baptism and endowments be done. Wilford Woodruff was baptized for all of them. *** They also prepared the peoples hearts so they would be ready to receive the restored gospel when the Lord sent it again to men on the earth.” (Personal journal of James Godson Bleak-Chief Recorder of the St. George Temple, Clerk to Brigham Young.)

A Legend of Montrose illustration. From 1872 edition


1809 Christopher Houston “Kit” Carson (December 24, 1809 – May 23, 1868) was an American frontiersman and Indian fighter. (clan Houston)


1814 Ghent. Peace between Britain and America. Territorial boundaries were left to commissioners. Word of the Peace had not arrived in New Orleans, when attacked in January 1215. Tytler’s Britannica 274.


1829 Scots Roman Type, prepared in Glasgow Scotland, and shipped to a foundry in Albany New York, then delivered to the E. B. Grandin Printing company in Palmyra New York, according to the Crandall Gutenberg Printing Museum in Provo Utah. The Scots Roman type is the font used to print the first edition of the Book of Mormon. The contract with E. B. Grandin’s print shop to print the book was signed on Tuesday 25 Aug 1829, and the completed book was on sale by Friday 26 March 1830. Typesetter John H. Gilbert selects type and inserts commas, periods, and other punctuation as Gilbert reads Oliver Cowdery’s hand written copy. One form signarture of 16 pages, in quantities of 5,000 copies will be printed, 37 signatures per 6 day, 11 hour per day week. Meridian Magazine (14 Apr 2005).

17th   form of 16 pages printed. Somewhere in Alma.



  1. Kirkcaldy and Marnock and the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Samuel Mulliner (b. 1809), and Alexander Wright (b. 1804), Scots, arrive as missionaries. [Ensign Feb. 1987] Alexander was determined to take the gospel to his own family as soon as possible, so the two ailing elders “took the partin han[d]” and Alexander crossed the Firth of Forth to Kirkcaldy by ferryboat. While Samuel stayed behind to teach his family, Alexander walked across Scotland to his hometown, the little village of Marnock in Banffshire.It rained very hard Christmas Eve as he made twenty-two miles on foot to Aberdeen.

Kirkcaldy Crest: A man’s head with the face looking up wards Proper Motto: FORTISSIMA VERITAS
[“Truth is the strongest”] Seat: Kirkcaldy, Fife


1841 Ebenezer Scrooge is the principal character in Charles Dickens’s 1843 novel, A Christmas Carol. In his diaries, Dickens states that Scrooge stems from a grave marker which he saw in 1841, while taking an evening walk in the Canongate Kirkyard in Edinburgh. The headstone was for the vintner Ebenezer Lennox Scroggie, a relative of Adam Smith, who had won the catering contract for the visit of George IV to Edinburgh and the first contract to supply whisky to the Royal Navy. The marker identified Scroggie as a “meal man” (corn merchant), but Dickens misread this as “mean man”, due to the fading light and his mild dyslexia. Dickens wrote that it must have “shrivelled” Scroggie’s soul to carry “such a terrible thing to eternity”. The grave marker was lost during construction work at part of the kirkyard in 1932.

Ebenezer Scrooge encounters “Jacob Marley’s ghost” in Dickens’s novel, A Christmas Carol.

Scots’ Actors portraying Ebenezer Scrooge

Marc McDermott in 1910

Basil Rathbone in 1956 and 1958

George C. Scott in 1984

Bill Murray as Frank Cross in Scrooged, 1988

Patrick Stewart in 1999

Helen Fraser as Sylvia Hollamby in Bad Girls 2006 Christmas Special


1850 “Highland Destitution”. Dundee Advertiser.Scotland’s Potato Famine. the Central Board became concerned that long-term recipients of the rations would become “pauperised”. Eleemosynary aid… would be a curse instead of a benefit; and hence it was absolutely necessary to teach the people of the Highlands that they must depend on their resources for the future. To accomplish this object it would be requisite to instruct them in croft husbandry, in developing the treasures of the deep, and in prosecuting the manufacture of kelp.


1921 Salt Lake City. David O. McKay, 9th President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. McKay’s father, also David McKay, was from Thurso, Scotland, who joined the church in 1850. Apostle McKay returned from a 60,000 mile trip, touring all missions and schools. President Heber J. Grant said “I rejoice in the fact that Brother McKay is with us today. Brother McKay has circled the globe since he was last at a conference—has visited our missions in nearly every part of the world, and has returned, as every missionary does return who goes out to proclaim this gospel and comes in contact with the people of the world and with all the varieties of faiths of the world, with increased light, knowledge and testimony regarding the divinity of the work in which we are engaged.” Elder McKay summarized his travels with a strong testimony: “When we left home, … we looked forward with no little misgiving and anxiety to the trip ahead of us. … The keen sense of our responsibility, adequately to fulfil the desires of President Grant and his counselors and the Twelve, who had honored us with that call, made us seek the Lord as I had never sought him before in my life, and I wish to say this afternoon that the promise made by Moses to the children of Israel just before they crossed the Jordan River into the Promised land, has been fulfilled in our experiences. As we sought the Lord with all our souls He came to our guidance and assistance.”


1939 The Light that Failed motion picture released in New York, from Rudyard Kipling’s novel. The plotbegins in 1865 with a youthful ‘Dick Holder’ doing pistol target practice somewhere on the British sea coast. Fast forward a few decades and he is a war correspondence in Sudan during the Mahdi wars. Holder becomes a painter, and portraits the British soldiers in their kilts, full battle complement. Tragedy lies ahead.

Ronald Colman Rudyard Kipliing’s The Light That Failed, Walter Husto Ida Lupino, Muriel Angelius, Dudley Digges.

  • The Scots connection are the kilts of the soldiers, uniforms of various Scots regiments serving In nthe Sudan. Nearly a century and a half later, in 2016, Lieutenant colonel Mark Choate is the military Attache for the United States to the Sudan, to evaluate Sudan as friend or foe. Colonel Choat’s report results in Sudan being removed from the terrorist state designation. Colonel Choate’s ancestors include Cochrane, Campbell, Stewart, Montgomery, MacPherson, and seven dozen more.

Rudyard Kipling was Lord Rector of St Andrews University in Scotland, beginning 1922.



1948 Tea for Two Hundred is an American film Part of the Donald Duck film series, produced in Technicolor by Walt Disney Productions and released to theaters by RKO Radio Pictures. The cartoon stars a picnicing Donald Duck who faces an army of ants trying to steal his food.

(clan McDuck)


1984 Peter Lawford died. Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford 7 September 1923 – 24 December 1984) (Sommerville clan). the only child of Lieutenant General Sir Sydney Turing Barlow Lawford, KBE (1865-1953) and May Sommerville Bunny (1883-1972). KBE is The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is the “order of chivalry of British constitutional monarchy” order of knighthood. Peter’s paternal aunt great uncle in law was the 14th Earl of Eglinton in the Peerage of Scotland. Sub titles held by the Earl of Eglinton are Lord Montgomerie (created 1449), Baron Ardrossan (1806) and Baron Seton and Tranent (1859), Clan Chief of Clan Montgomery.

Coat of Arms Earl of Eglinto and Winton. Wikipedia.

Lawford made his television debut in 1953 in a guest starring role on Ronald Reagan’s General Electric Theater.



1997 The Winter Guest filmed in Scotland and set on one wintry day.


1999 The Big Tease Filmed in Scotland.

Ferguson plays Crawford Mackenzie, a Scottish hairdresser who, while being filmed as part of a fly-on-the-wall documentary, is invited to the World Hairdresser International Federation annual contest.

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2003 Ethan Thomas Choate born. (clans Erskine, Fraser, Giffard, Gordon, Graham, Hamilton, Hay, Keith, Kennedy, Kirkpatrick)


2013 Humor. Two Scottish boys put their shoes out Christmas eve. The next morning one boy had a watch in his shoe, the other boy had a wad of horse poop. The boy with the watch complained it was not a Rolex or it wouldn’t work perfectly, the brother with the poop was excited. When asked, the brother, ‘What did ye get for Christmas?’ His answered ‘A pony! but he got away. ‘ Be optimistic, smile, cheerful.